As populations of the world age the current trend is that people are not slowing down in their later years. The desire for increased activity among the elderly also means increased demands on medical researchers to come up with better ways to keep them active. In the fields of implants and prosthetics calcium phosphate (CP) coatings on titanium alloy implants are proving their worth in orthopaedic and dental applications.
The most promising form of CP are hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, HA) coatings used to promote rapid bone remodelling on the titanium alloy implants. It is well known that the microstructure of these coatings significantly influences their mechanical properties and biocompatibility. Understanding the effect of nanostructures within a biocompatible coating could contribute greatly towards improving the effectiveness of these coatings.
In this study by Singaporean researchers, K.A. Khor, H. Li and P. Cheang, from Nanyang Technological University, the nanostructures and in vitro osteoblast behavior of individual CP splats were characterized. The splats were deposited using both plasma spraying and high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) onto polished Ti-6Al-4V substrates.
The results showed that the nanostructured HA splats are capable of enhancing the attachment and proliferation of the osteoblast cells. The study also revealed that the dissolution of the Ca/P-rich phases into the culture medium might promote the proliferation/differentiation of the osteoblast cells.
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21.07.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT
High-tech sensing illuminates concrete stress testing
20.07.2017 | University of Leeds
Physicists have developed a new technique that uses electrical voltages to control the electron spin on a chip. The newly-developed method provides protection from spin decay, meaning that the contained information can be maintained and transmitted over comparatively large distances, as has been demonstrated by a team from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute. The results have been published in Physical Review X.
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Physics supports biology: Researchers from PTB have developed a model system to investigate friction phenomena with atomic precision
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