Advanced materials like AlTiC, sapphire and SiC are now commonly used in many devices. One popular area that they are applied in is read/write head sliders for computer hard drives. A major practical problem with the use of these materials is that they are extremely difficult to machine, and the advanced applications they are used in require precise tolerances for finished dimensions.
The small components are cut from larger wafers of material using systems that have constant feed speeds. However performance of the dicing blades degrades over time due to the deterioration of their surface conditions, i.e., dislodgment or dullness of abrasive grains, deformations and abrasion of the matrix material. This alters the grindability or cutting performance of the blades. A better understanding of the mechanisms governing grindability could be applied to producing better components machined from very hard materials.
A team of Japanese researchers, Takuya Adachi, Koji Matsumaru and Kozo Ishizaki, from Nagaoka University of Technology have developed a constant feeding-force system, which enables the grindability of a grinding wheel to be analysed. Under constant feeding-force system, the feeding speed alters during processing, which depends on the surface conditions of a grinding wheel, and indicates its grindability.
In this study, the theoretical grindability of dicing blades was estimated by establishing a new model for feeding speeds under constant feeding-force dicing systems. The model was evaluated by comparing empirical and theoretical dicing speeds for different abrasive grain sizes. The researchers were able to conclude that the grindability of dicing blades depends on the abrasive grains size, number and distribution on the surface of the dicing blade.
Dr. Ian Birkby | EurekAlert!
Superconductivity research reveals potential new state of matter
17.08.2017 | DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory
Spray-on electric rainbows: Making safer electrochromic inks
17.08.2017 | Georgia Institute of Technology
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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