This success was achieved under the support of JST and by the collaboration among Tohoku University, JAEA, and Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern in Germany. Details are published in Nature Materials.
Heat generation associated with electronic charge current will be problematic in future high-density electronics. Spin angular momentum, another entity of electron, is expected to carry information without heat generation. In contrast to existing methods of injecting spin current, such as electromagnetic waves, researchers have shown that acoustic waves, or phonons, can inject spin current by using a Ni81Fe19/Pt bilayer wire on an insulating sapphire plate.
Under a temperature gradient in the sapphire, the voltage generated in the Pt layer was shown to reflect the wire position, although the wire was insulated both electrically and magnetically. This non-local voltage is attributed to the coupling of spins and phonons generated by the temperature gradient, since phonons are the only possible carrier of information.
This is a demonstration of generating spin current by directly injecting acoustic waves to realize spin pumping. Researchers suggest that this finding will open the door to acoustic spintronics, in which acoustic waves are exploited for making spin-based devices.
K. Uchida, H. Adachi, T. An, T. Ota, M. Toda, B. Hillebrands, S. Maekawa, and E. Saitoh, "Long-range spin Seebeck effect and acoustic spin pumping", Nature Materials (2011) doi:10.1038/nmat3099
The stacked colour sensor
16.11.2017 | Empa - Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt
Counterfeits and product piracy can be prevented by security features, such as printed 3-D microstructures
16.11.2017 | Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
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