Polyester is a man-made fibre that is extensively produced in factories for clothing and home furnishings.
Commercial chitosan is derived from the shells of shrimp and other sea crustaceans, including Pandalus borealis, pictured here.
Indeed, polyester has taken the world by storm. Its wide use reflects its range of pleasing properties, high resilience, stretch and recovery; good strength and dimensional stability; it is also highly wrinkle resistant. The insoluble nature of polyester fibres when exposed to water also limits enzymatic hydrolysis to the surface, thus improving the fibre surface wettability.
However, polyester does not take dye well. That is, it is not easy to colour polyester. Polyester fibres have definitive hydrophobic character and high degree of crystallinity, thus being difficult to penetrate with dyes.
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For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.
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For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.
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Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.
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