Moving to Canada could be hazardous for the health of young immigrants. A new study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health has found that over time, immigrant children from multiethnic, disadvantaged, inner-city neighbourhoods are up to 3.5 times more likely to smoke. The findings are important since an estimated 45,000 school-aged children immigrate to Canada with their parents each year.
Several reasons prompt new Canadians to light up, says lead author Jennifer O'Loughlin, a professor at the Université de Montréal's Department of Social and Preventive Medicine. "Smoking may be more visible than in their countries of origin, especially if they settle in low-income, inner-city communities where smoking prevalence is high," says Dr. O'Loughlin, who is also a scientist at the Research Centre of the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM). "Many of their new friends may smoke, adult smoking may be more visible, smoking may be more apparent in media and there may be increased or easier access to cigarettes."
Dr. O'Loughlin, who collaborated with McGill University colleagues, studied 1,959 Montreal children aged 9 to 12 years old. Among participants, 23 percent were Canadian born, 42 percent had one parent born outside Canada and 35 percent were immigrants born in another country.
"With each passing year in Canada, young immigrant children are at an increased risk for smoking," warns Dr. O'Loughlin. "Communities where immigrant families chose to live may have an impact on whether their children smoke. Scientists need to better understand the acculturation of immigrant children and develop intervention programs to prevent unhealthy behaviours such as smoking among these kids."
About the study:
The paper, "Does the ''Healthy Immigrant Effect'' Extend to Smoking in Immigrant Children?," published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, was authored by Jennifer O'Loughlin of the Université de Montréal and the Research Centre of the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Katerina Maximova, Keely Fraser and Katherine Gray-Donald of McGill University.
Partners in research:
This study was supported by the Canada Research Chair in Early Determinants of Adult Chronic Disease, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Quebec Population Health Research Network and the National Cancer Institute of Canada.
On the Web:
Article cited from Journal of Adolescent Health: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T80-4XF8MKM-3-1&_cdi=5072&_user=789722&_pii=S1054139X09003322&_orig=browse&_coverDate=03%2F31%2F2010&_sk=999539996&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlb-zSkWz&md5=e19bd37fe16379e230b8389203192745&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
Université de Montréal Faculty of Medicine: www.med.umontreal.ca
Research Centre of the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal: www.chumtl.qc.ca/crchum.en.html
McGill University: www.mcgill.caMedia contact:
Sylvain-Jacques Desjardins | EurekAlert!
A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
11.01.2017 | University of Gothenburg
Urbanization to convert 300,000 km2 of prime croplands
27.12.2016 | Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC) gGmbH
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).
Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
05.01.2017 | Event News
18.01.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering
18.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
18.01.2017 | Life Sciences