87 centres across Europe, the US, Canada and South Africa participated between December 2004 and September 2007.
Nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP) is the gold-standard therapy for prostate cancer in men with a life expectancy of 10 years or more. The risk of erectile dysfunction (ED) following NSRP is significant. This is caused by neuropraxia - the usually temporary failure of nerve conduction in the absence of structural changes due to compression, ischemia or blunt injury - which inevitably occurs during the procedure. Ultimately this may lead to the development of fibrosis within the corpus cavernosa and cause ED.
To prevent the onset of postoperative ED, the use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors was introduced. These agents prevent the breakdown of cyclic guanosine monophosphate in cavernosal tissue, which plays a role in the prevention of cell death and fibrosis, and may thus exert a protective effect on cavernosal smooth muscle.
Participants were recruited to this first robustly designed, evidence-based, multi-centre study approximately one month before they were scheduled to undergo NSRP. A total of 423 patients completed the study. The inclusion of the on-demand dosing regimen enabled comparison of the currently recommended guidelines for the use of PDE5 inhibitors with a proposed nightly dosing regimen, which was suggested to have potential positive effects on erectile function. The results clearly show that nightly dosing with vardenafil does not have any effect beyond that of on-demand use.
The study shows that on-demand use of vardenafil during the treatment period was associated with significantly greater erectile function and sexual intercourse completion rates compared to placebo. The success rates for the vardenafil on-demand group were also higher than for the nightly group. These data indicate that the use of on-demand vardenafil is of greater benefit than nightly treatment in patients following NSRP surgery and, in general, support the on-demand use of PDE5 inhibitors following NSRP surgery over a daily dosing regimen. This prompts reconsideration of the current practice of prescribing nightly PDE5 inhibitor therapy, as on-demand use of vardenafil is equally effective in men with ED following NSRP, a notoriously difficult-to-treat patient population.
Koos Admiraal | alfa
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There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?
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So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
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