Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Socially stable individuals delay seeking help for alcohol problems

16.01.2009
People with a stable psychosocial life situation often delay in seeking help for their alcohol problems - even though they are serious. This is revealed in a new thesis from the University of Gothenburg.

Working actively to intervene at an early stage in order to prevent alcohol problems and to thereby promote public health is of great importance, says Kristina Berglund who is publicly defending her thesis at the Department of Psychology. It is also vital to be early in detecting those who have developed an alcohol problem but who have not yet sought treatment, i.e. those who have a "hidden" alcohol problem.

The principal factors that appear to delay these individuals from seeking attention is precisely that that they have a stable psychosocial life situation and experience themselves as being mentally healthy.

The aim of the thesis is to study socially stable individuals with problematic alcohol consumption, based on both their drinking habits and their personality and health.

The longer the period of alcohol problems, the more pronounced is the disposition towards anxiety. But this is also the case in terms of a greater number of physical and mental health problems, and also problems with work and relationships.

One issue that is investigated in the thesis is whether people who had not yet sought help for their alcohol problems were different from those who had experience of some form of treatment for their alcohol problem. A total of 367 people were interviewed.

Those who had not yet sought treatment felt better mentally. They were more often found to be cohabitant and gainfully employed than those who had sought attention for their problem. Neither had they had alcohol problems for so long. However, on the other hand, their level of consumption was comparable with those who did have experience of treatment.

In a sub-study consisting of interviews with 100 persons, Kristina Berglund has also examined personality traits in socially stable individuals with alcohol problems.

The majority did not exhibit abnormalities in their personalities. Only a small number were of a more anxious or impulsive disposition. However, several people who had had a problematic level of alcohol consumption for more than nine years were more prone to anxiety.

Another aim of the thesis was to examine whether drinking habits, psychosocial background and health were differentiated between men and women with a diagnosed alcohol dependence who were seeking treatment.

With the exception of a small number of differences in drinking habits, there were no differences between the sexes, says Kristina Berglund. When I instead conducted a comparison on the basis of different ages, it transpired that younger individuals exhibited a higher level of mental illness while older individuals suffered more from physical ill-health. In addition, the younger people had acquired alcohol problems considerably earlier in life.

Title of the thesis: Socially stable alcoholics: What characterises them? Drinking patterns, personality and health aspects of psychosocial and clinical importance.

Author of the thesis: Kristina Berglund +46(0)31-786 18 78, kristina.berglund@psy.gu.se
E-link: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/18796
Opponent: Professor Mats Fridell, Department of Psychology, Lund University
Time and location for the public defence: Friday 16 January, 10.00-12.00, room F1, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden

The thesis can be ordered from kristina.berglund@psy.gu.se

Press contact: Lena Olson, Public relations officer, Faculty Office for Social Sciences. E-mail: lena.olson@samfak.gu.se Phone: +46 31-786 4841

Helena Aaberg | idw
Further information:
http://gupea.ub.gu.se/dspace/handle/2077/18796
http://hdl.handle.net/2077/18796

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Obstructing the ‘inner eye’
07.07.2017 | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

nachricht Drone vs. truck deliveries: Which create less carbon pollution?
31.05.2017 | University of Washington

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: 3-D scanning with water

3-D shape acquisition using water displacement as the shape sensor for the reconstruction of complex objects

A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3D objects. An ancient...

Im Focus: Manipulating Electron Spins Without Loss of Information

Physicists have developed a new technique that uses electrical voltages to control the electron spin on a chip. The newly-developed method provides protection from spin decay, meaning that the contained information can be maintained and transmitted over comparatively large distances, as has been demonstrated by a team from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute. The results have been published in Physical Review X.

For several years, researchers have been trying to use the spin of an electron to store and transmit information. The spin of each electron is always coupled...

Im Focus: The proton precisely weighted

What is the mass of a proton? Scientists from Germany and Japan successfully did an important step towards the most exact knowledge of this fundamental constant. By means of precision measurements on a single proton, they could improve the precision by a factor of three and also correct the existing value.

To determine the mass of a single proton still more accurate – a group of physicists led by Klaus Blaum and Sven Sturm of the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear...

Im Focus: On the way to a biological alternative

A bacterial enzyme enables reactions that open up alternatives to key industrial chemical processes

The research team of Prof. Dr. Oliver Einsle at the University of Freiburg's Institute of Biochemistry has long been exploring the functioning of nitrogenase....

Im Focus: The 1 trillion tonne iceberg

Larsen C Ice Shelf rift finally breaks through

A one trillion tonne iceberg - one of the biggest ever recorded -- has calved away from the Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica, after a rift in the ice,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Closing the Sustainability Circle: Protection of Food with Biobased Materials

21.07.2017 | Event News

»We are bringing Additive Manufacturing to SMEs«

19.07.2017 | Event News

The technology with a feel for feelings

12.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Ultrathin device harvests electricity from human motion

24.07.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Scientists announce the quest for high-index materials

24.07.2017 | Materials Sciences

ADIR Project: Lasers Recover Valuable Materials

24.07.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>