Scientists say greener transport and cleaner power generation could help deliver big savings on CO2 emissions. The researchers say the use of smart meters for homes and businesses, improved recycling, and greener building designs could make a difference. They also recommend carbon capture and storage to reduce emissions from carbon-intensive industry and coal-fired power plants.
The study, carried out at the University of Edinburgh's School of GeoSciences and Business School, focused on greenhouse gas emissions in the US – but researchers say the findings are equally applicable to Scotland.
Scientists studied projected emissions data for the US and worked out how various low-carbon strategies could help reduce CO2 output, up to the year 2030.
The study focused on methods that would be economically, socially and politically acceptable, and that could be implemented using regulatory or economic incentives.
In a separate study, researchers found that some biofuels may not be a sustainable source of power for vehicles. Research shows that the greenhouse gases emitted in producing crops for fuel may outweigh the benefits brought by a biofuel's low-carbon emissions.
The research was published in Carbon Management journal.
Dr David Reay, Director of the University of Edinburgh's MSc in Carbon Management programme, said "While it is encouraging that the US has chosen to try to reduce the emissions produced by the transport industry, the reliance on biofuels as a substitute for petrol may not be a sustainable alternative. These proposed alternative strategies may offer a more realistic, economically and politically acceptable way of reducing carbon emissions."
Catriona Kelly | EurekAlert!
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Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
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