Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Transition from Work to Retirement in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

The present Policy Brief reports differences in the participation of the elderly in the labour markets of two new Member States of the European Union – the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

The comparative analysis is all the more interesting because after the division of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the evolution of elderly employment and the choice of measures have been different in these countries.

Participation rates as well as employment rates of older workers are lower in Slovakia than in the Czech Republic, but these rates have risen after 2001 in both republics. In the Czech Republic, the unemployment in age group 50-54 is greater than unemployment in age group 55- 64. In Slovakia, unemployment of the elderly (especially women) is high but at a lower level than the unemployment of younger age groups (where the total rate of unemployment is one of the highest in Europe). In the Czech Republic we see a stronger support for elderly unemployed as for the rest of the unemployed population. In Slovakia, longer-lasting support for elderly unemployed has been recorded only before 2003. From 2004 – as a consequence of the ALMP reform – we find noticeable changes in Slovakia: instead of publicly or socially purposeful jobs, subsidies support activation activities (back-to-work training programme or performance of minor community works).

The comparison involves also the development of pension reforms in both countries. Whereas in the Czech Republic, the reform of the Pay-as-You-Go system was done in 1995 (starting year 1996), Slovakia prepared and introduced the reform of the Pay-as-You-Go system from the year 2004 onwards. The common mark of both reforms is the rising pension age as a beneficial factor of the increase in elderly employment. But the shape of the rising pension age was different in both countries. In the Czech Republic, the same system (favouring women with children) remained in place, but Slovakia changed it (with the gradually rising pension age for both men and women up to the same level). As a consequence, we find a higher pension age for men in the Czech Republic than in Slovakia (63 vs. 62 years), but a lower pension age for women. From 2005, Slovakia has continued its pension reform by building a funded pillar.

Generally, the Slovak pension reform is less solidarity-oriented than the Czech one, but shows more generosity for people with higher contributions. The impact on elderly employment (also due to a higher unemployment rate in Slovakia) is the same, i.e. positive.

Annette Hexelschneider | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Diagnoses: When Are Several Opinions Better Than One?
19.07.2016 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht High in calories and low in nutrients when adolescents share pictures of food online
07.04.2016 | University of Gothenburg

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Greater Range and Longer Lifetime

26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

VDI presents International Bionic Award of the Schauenburg Foundation

26.10.2016 | Awards Funding

3-D-printed magnets

26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

More VideoLinks >>>