The incidence of labor-related asthma in the European population is higher than previously believed, a conclusion of a macro study coordinated by the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL) and the Institut Municipal d'Investigació Mèdica (IMIM) of Barcelona.
A study conducted by researchers from 13 different countries, coordinated by Dr. Manolis Kogevinas and Dr. Josep Maria Antó, based on surveys taken from nearly 7,000 volunteers and various medical tests, indicates that exposure to toxic and irritant agents in the workplace explains between 10 and 25% of the new asthma cases in the adult population. This implies that a minimum of 250 per one million inhabitants suffer the symptoms of this illness due to their jobs.
The professional groups most affected are nurses, cleaning personnel, and laborers in various industrial environments. These professionals may develop the illness as a result of continuous exposure to agents such as latex dust, cleaning products, and chemical reactives such as isocyanates, commonly found in paints.
For these reasons, the authors of the study call for improving the working conditions of the most affected groups and for adapting control and prevention measures according to the new findings.
CREAL was created in 2005 as a collective initiative from the Institut Municipal d'Investigació Mèdica (IMIM), the Generalitat of Catalonia, and the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and is located at the Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB).
Marta Calsina | alfa
The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
11.01.2017 | University of Gothenburg
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences