Fifty-two Mongolian gerbils were divided into 3 groups and given 5 biweekly doses of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (30 ppm). At week 12, group 2 (n = 20) and group 3 (n = 22) gerbils were then given an injection of H. pylori, while group 1 controls (n = 10) received Brucella broth alone. In addition, 7 weeks after H. pylori inoculation, at week 19, group 3 gerbils also received a 36-week administration course of celecoxib (1,500 ppm) in their diet. The incidence of gastric adenocarcinoma was determined at week 54 by histological analysis. COX-2 and Cdx2 protein expression and COX activity were evaluated for each group. The extent of intestinal metaplasia, Cdx2 and mucin 2 expression, and the apoptotic index were evaluated semi-quantitatively by immunohistochemistry.
The study shows that prior to the first appearance of intestinal metaplasia, timely administration of celecoxib prevents gastric cancer occurrence by disrupting the progression of intestinal metaplasia into gastric carcinoma through its inhibition of Cdx2 expression in N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-pretreated H. pylori-infected Mongolian gerbils.
Carla Holmes | alfa
Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
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A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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