Yanhong Zhang (UNESCO Institute for Statistics) analyzed fourteen school systems in Southern and Western Africa and found that almost 45 million students – or forty-two percent of children of primary school age in the sub-Saharan region – were not enrolled in school in 2001. A child in the region could expect to receive seven years of education on average, or about eight years fewer than their Western European and American counterparts.
"The reality of rural schooling in most of these countries is even further away from the targets," writes Zhang. "Since rural areas contain substantial majorities of the populations of many less developed countries, attending to the learning needs of rural children improves the chances of achieving the overall goals of EFA and MDG."
Rural students generally suffered from inferior home and school circumstances. These students were less likely to have support from their family at home for their academic work. They were also older than urban students in the same grade, and are more likely to have repeated a year.
Interestingly, Zhang found no clear pattern of gender disparity; in some countries girls had less access to schooling, but in other countries boys had the disadvantage. However, family socio-economic status played a central role in the learning disadvantage of rural students. Rural schools also had fewer and lower-quality resources than urban schools in almost all cases.
"The importance of these differences in students' individual characteristics was evident from the fact that they accounted for sizable proportions of the rural-urban gaps in reading literary scores across the fourteen school systems," explains Zhang. "The rural-urban gaps in students' reading literacy scores effectively disappeared in most countries after taking into account the context and the resources of rural and urban schools."
Suzanne Wu | EurekAlert!
The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
11.01.2017 | University of Gothenburg
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences