Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Rural students lag behind in sub-Saharan Africa

08.12.2006
A new study in the current issue of Comparative Education Review reveals the discrepancy between the actual state of education in sub-Saharan Africa and the educational goals outlined in the United Nation's Education for All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) programs a decade ago.

Yanhong Zhang (UNESCO Institute for Statistics) analyzed fourteen school systems in Southern and Western Africa and found that almost 45 million students – or forty-two percent of children of primary school age in the sub-Saharan region – were not enrolled in school in 2001. A child in the region could expect to receive seven years of education on average, or about eight years fewer than their Western European and American counterparts.

"The reality of rural schooling in most of these countries is even further away from the targets," writes Zhang. "Since rural areas contain substantial majorities of the populations of many less developed countries, attending to the learning needs of rural children improves the chances of achieving the overall goals of EFA and MDG."

Rural students generally suffered from inferior home and school circumstances. These students were less likely to have support from their family at home for their academic work. They were also older than urban students in the same grade, and are more likely to have repeated a year.

Interestingly, Zhang found no clear pattern of gender disparity; in some countries girls had less access to schooling, but in other countries boys had the disadvantage. However, family socio-economic status played a central role in the learning disadvantage of rural students. Rural schools also had fewer and lower-quality resources than urban schools in almost all cases.

"The importance of these differences in students' individual characteristics was evident from the fact that they accounted for sizable proportions of the rural-urban gaps in reading literary scores across the fourteen school systems," explains Zhang. "The rural-urban gaps in students' reading literacy scores effectively disappeared in most countries after taking into account the context and the resources of rural and urban schools."

Suzanne Wu | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.uchicago.edu

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Real-time feedback helps save energy and water
08.02.2017 | Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg

nachricht The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Switched-on DNA

20.02.2017 | Materials Sciences

Second cause of hidden hearing loss identified

20.02.2017 | Health and Medicine

Prospect for more effective treatment of nerve pain

20.02.2017 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>