They found that the drug combination that was the most expensive in the short term was in fact the most cost-effective, because its superior performance in curing malaria reduced the need for further treatment.
Resistance to malaria drugs is extremely common. The World Health Organization and other authorities now recommend the use of one of the new type of treatments (based on the Chinese drug artemisinin) combined with one of the older malaria drugs. It is thought that this combination approach will delay the appearance of artemisinin resistance.
The combination of artemether and lumefantrine out-performed the other drug combinations in this research, which was conducted in Tanzania. The researchers say artemether and lumefantrine should be the preferred option in this part of Africa.
Citation: Wiseman V, Kim M, Mutabingwa TK, Whitty CJM (2006) Cost-effectiveness study of three antimalarial drug combinations in Tanzania. PLoS Med 3(10): e373.
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Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
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In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
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By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
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COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.
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'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.
Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...
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