This research, based on interviews with male prisoners and published in the latest issue of The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, provides analysis of prison drug dealing as a meaningful act that takes place within a broader context of cultural codes and social relations and reveals how drug dealing practices are shaped in unexpected ways by institutional policies.
The research illustrates the complex social world of the prison that is not represented in official prison data. It shows how, rather than openly exhibiting their power, influential prisoners used the power afforded to them by drugs to exploit the inmate hierarchy using weaker and poorer prisoners for their ends.
It also suggests some discrepancies between the prison’s official aims and the motivations and actions of prisoners. For example, one prisoner reports having pretended to be a drug addict outside prison, rather than revealing that he had been a drug dealer, because of his belief that there was more to gain from buying into the prison’s rehabilitative ambitions than from being honest about his lifestyle. In statistical data he would therefore have been misrepresented as a crack addict participating on relevant drug courses, rather than as someone manipulating the system for his own ends.
The study also demonstrates that prison drug dealing seems to be driven by many of the same motivations that are regarded as legitimate and laudable in the outside community: the desire to provide for others, to be self-sufficient in the future, and to acquire status through wealth and power.
The study therefore demonstrates that to gain a true picture of prison life, we cannot rely on statistics alone, there are many more complex sociological issues to consider.
Rebecca Wray | alfa
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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