Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Study finds safety intervention increases use of child safety restraints in shopping carts

09.08.2006
More than 20,000 children injured in shopping cart-related injuries last year

More than 20,000 children were treated in United States hospital emergency departments in 2005 for shopping cart-related injuries. According to a study published in the August issue of Pediatrics and conducted by Gary Smith, MD, DrPH, director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy (CIRP) in the Columbus Children's Research Institute at Columbus Children's Hospital, it was found that an in-store safety intervention successfully increased the use of child safety-restraints in shopping carts.

This study looked at the effectiveness of an in-store intervention to increase the use of shopping cart restraints for children five years of age and younger. The in-store intervention consisted of greeters at the store entrance who encouraged the use of appropriate shopping cart restraints, plus a cash incentive coupon. Three stores served as intervention sites, and four stores were non-intervention sites. Trained study personnel conducted the observations unobtrusively in all seven stores, recording the status of shopping cart restraint use as caregivers approached the store checkout areas.

The increase in safety-restraint use in shopping carts was greater in the intervention stores than in the control group of stores. In the intervention stores, the percentage of correct restraint use increased from 15% before the intervention to 49% after.

"The good news is that we were able to significantly increase restraint use by young children in shopping carts with a modest in-store intervention," said Smith, the study author and a faculty member of The Ohio State University College of Medicine. "However, one-half of the children still remained unrestrained or incorrectly restrained despite our efforts."

"Use of child restraints in shopping carts is only part of the solution to the problem of shopping cart-related injuries to children," said Smith. "Shopping cart redesign to prevent falls and tipovers passively (or automatically), such as seating children close to the floor in a cart, offers the best protection against these injuries, because it obviates the need for frequent human action and vigilance. Unfortunately, the current safety standard for shopping carts in the U.S. does not adequately address the performance of cart restraint systems and does not address tipovers at all. This safety standard must be strengthened to effectively prevent these injuries."

Four percent of the 20,700 U.S. children, who received treatment for a shopping cart-related injury in a hospital emergency department in 2005, required hospital admission. Fractures were the most common (45%) diagnosis of those hospitalized. Head and neck injuries accounted for 79% of the injuries requiring emergency treatment. Deaths have been reported from falls from shopping carts and cart tipovers.

Kristyn Wilson | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.columbuschildrens.com/

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Amputees can learn to control a robotic arm with their minds
28.11.2017 | University of Chicago Medical Center

nachricht The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change
17.11.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First-of-its-kind chemical oscillator offers new level of molecular control

DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that opens the door for engineers to create molecular machines with new and complex behaviors.

Researchers have created chemical amplifiers and a chemical oscillator using a systematic method that has the potential to embed sophisticated circuit...

Im Focus: Long-lived storage of a photonic qubit for worldwide teleportation

MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.

Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...

Im Focus: Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

Detailed calculations show water cloaks are feasible with today's technology

Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...

Im Focus: Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.

To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...

Im Focus: Towards data storage at the single molecule level

The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

AKL’18: The opportunities and challenges of digitalization in the laser industry

07.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Engineers program tiny robots to move, think like insects

15.12.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

One in 5 materials chemistry papers may be wrong, study suggests

15.12.2017 | Materials Sciences

New antbird species discovered in Peru by LSU ornithologists

15.12.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>