Forty-three patients with histories of fractures, arthrodesis (joint fusion) or spinal fusions who'd undergone MDCT and conventional radiography for the evaluation of bone healing were included in this study. Mutiplanar reconstructions and radiographs were analyzed by two musculoskeletal radiologists in consensus interpretation to determine bone healing.
According to the results, no evidence of bone bridging was shown in 14 patients, 23 patients showed evidence of partial fusion, and six patients showed complete fusion. In 27 patients (63%), MDCT and digital radiography were concordant with regard to the extent of bone healing, while in 16 patients (37%) the results were not concordant. In eight patients digital radiographs underestimated the extent of bone healing, while in another eight patients they overestimated the degree of fusion. "Most cases were dealing with bonehealing after spondylodiscitis, fractures or arthrodesis," said Christian R. Krestan, MD, lead author of the study. "However no scientific data were available concerning the value of MDCT in bone healing compared to radiographs, which had been used for decades in this indication," said Krestan.
"The results of this study have a considerable impact on orthopedic patients and lead to a substantial improvement in patient care," said Krestan. "The exact diagnosis or exclusion of bone healing provides a basis for decisions like mobilization or immobilization and even repeated surgery in these patients," he said.
Necoya Lightsey | EurekAlert!
New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)
Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
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Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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