Prescription rates for benzodiazepine are higher in more deprived areas than in less deprived areas and in middle-aged people (45-64 years). The prescribing rates also show a gender difference which increases steadily from early adult life. Women of middle age are the commonest recipients of a benzodiazepine prescription. This pattern may be associated with cultural beliefs and practices which tend to reinforce the concept of benzodiazepines as a means to cope with adversity, used in the absence or deficiency of more effective treatments or services.
Misuse of prescription sedatives is a significant problem for addiction treatment services. Benzodiazepines are the most extensively used psychotropic drugs in the world, and are generally considered versatile and valuable drugs for use in clinical practice. However, the potential for misuse and dependence must not be overlooked. Benzodiazepines were heavily marketed until the issue of dependence was clearly identified.
The aim of this study was to assist in elucidating the underlying dynamics of benzodiazepine use and potential misuse. The prescribing patterns of diazepam – the most commonly prescribed and misused benzodiazepine – in disadvantaged Irish communities were examined, and factors which may predict diazepam consumption in that population were identified. Prescribing trends were examined for those aged 16-69 years in 2002 in a region of the state-funded General Medical Services (GMS) Scheme. Material deprivation was based on the 2002 Small Area Health Research Unit deprivation index. The average defined daily dose was calculated and logistic regression analysis was used to predict diazepam use by age, gender and deprivation index.
Though the study cohort covers only one region of Ireland, it shows that even among the already relatively economically deprived GMS population, prescribing patterns vary with deprivation level.
Carla Holmes | alfa
Antarctic Ice Sheet mass loss has increased
14.06.2018 | Technische Universität Dresden
WAKE-UP provides new treatment option for stroke patients | International study led by UKE
17.05.2018 | Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf
In a recent publication in the renowned journal Optica, scientists of Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology (Leibniz IPHT) in Jena showed that they can accurately control the optical properties of liquid-core fiber lasers and therefore their spectral band width by temperature and pressure tuning.
Already last year, the researchers provided experimental proof of a new dynamic of hybrid solitons– temporally and spectrally stationary light waves resulting...
Scientists from the University of Freiburg and the University of Basel identified a master regulator for bone regeneration. Prasad Shastri, Professor of...
Moving into its fourth decade, AchemAsia is setting out for new horizons: The International Expo and Innovation Forum for Sustainable Chemical Production will take place from 21-23 May 2019 in Shanghai, China. With an updated event profile, the eleventh edition focusses on topics that are especially relevant for the Chinese process industry, putting a strong emphasis on sustainability and innovation.
Founded in 1989 as a spin-off of ACHEMA to cater to the needs of China’s then developing industry, AchemAsia has since grown into a platform where the latest...
The BMBF-funded OWICELLS project was successfully completed with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich. The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot, while the robot carried out usual production processes (welding, moving and testing parts) in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes. The system can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s and five milliseconds latency.
Modern production technologies in the automobile industry must become more flexible in order to fulfil individual customer requirements.
An international team of scientists has discovered a new way to transfer image information through multimodal fibers with almost no distortion - even if the fiber is bent. The results of the study, to which scientist from the Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology Jena (Leibniz IPHT) contributed, were published on 6thJune in the highly-cited journal Physical Review Letters.
Endoscopes allow doctors to see into a patient’s body like through a keyhole. Typically, the images are transmitted via a bundle of several hundreds of optical...
13.06.2018 | Event News
08.06.2018 | Event News
05.06.2018 | Event News
21.06.2018 | Earth Sciences
21.06.2018 | Life Sciences
21.06.2018 | Earth Sciences