Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Sedative prescriptions in Ireland are higher in areas of greatest deprivation

29.06.2006
A new Irish study published in the journal "European Addiction Research" suggests that social structure influences primary care sedative prescribing.

Prescription rates for benzodiazepine are higher in more deprived areas than in less deprived areas and in middle-aged people (45-64 years). The prescribing rates also show a gender difference which increases steadily from early adult life. Women of middle age are the commonest recipients of a benzodiazepine prescription. This pattern may be associated with cultural beliefs and practices which tend to reinforce the concept of benzodiazepines as a means to cope with adversity, used in the absence or deficiency of more effective treatments or services.

Misuse of prescription sedatives is a significant problem for addiction treatment services. Benzodiazepines are the most extensively used psychotropic drugs in the world, and are generally considered versatile and valuable drugs for use in clinical practice. However, the potential for misuse and dependence must not be overlooked. Benzodiazepines were heavily marketed until the issue of dependence was clearly identified.

The aim of this study was to assist in elucidating the underlying dynamics of benzodiazepine use and potential misuse. The prescribing patterns of diazepam – the most commonly prescribed and misused benzodiazepine – in disadvantaged Irish communities were examined, and factors which may predict diazepam consumption in that population were identified. Prescribing trends were examined for those aged 16-69 years in 2002 in a region of the state-funded General Medical Services (GMS) Scheme. Material deprivation was based on the 2002 Small Area Health Research Unit deprivation index. The average defined daily dose was calculated and logistic regression analysis was used to predict diazepam use by age, gender and deprivation index.

Though the study cohort covers only one region of Ireland, it shows that even among the already relatively economically deprived GMS population, prescribing patterns vary with deprivation level.

Carla Holmes | alfa
Further information:
http://www.karger.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)

nachricht Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Fighting drug resistant tuberculosis – InfectoGnostics meets MYCO-NET² partners in Peru

28.04.2017 | Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Wireless power can drive tiny electronic devices in the GI tract

28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering

Ice cave in Transylvania yields window into region's past

28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences

Nose2Brain – Better Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

28.04.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>