Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Intimate partner violence found widespread

18.05.2006


It harms women’s health, say Group Health researchers



Intimate partner violence (IPV), a.k.a. domestic violence, is common and damages women’s physical and mental health significantly, according to a Group Health study reported in two papers in the June issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
In a random sample of more than 3,400 women members of Group Health Cooperative, nearly half--44 percent--reported having experienced IPV during their adult lifetime.

"This is an epidemic," said Robert S. Thompson, MD, senior investigator, Group Health Center for Health Studies, lead author of one paper. "But it flies under the radar, because of the stigma and shame associated with it--as well as the fear that many health care providers have of opening what some call a ’Pandora’s Box’ of difficult problems that they are unsure how to address."



This study is the first to find that the more recent a woman’s IPV, and the longer it has gone on, the worse her physical and mental health and social network are likely to be.

"IPV harms women’s physical and mental health even more than do other common conditions, such as back pain and even several forms of cancer," said Amy E. Bonomi, PhD, MPH, research associate, Group Health Center for Health Studies, lead author of the other paper. Compared to women with no IPV, women with recent physical IPV were four times as likely to report symptoms of severe depression, nearly three times as likely to report poor or fair health and more than one additional symptom. They also reported lower social functioning by several measures.

Previous estimates ranged from a quarter to a half of women experiencing IPV during their adult lifetimes, depending on how researchers defined IPV and whom they sampled, with young, low-income women reporting more IPV. Interestingly, this study (reporting a prevalence of nearly one half) involves health plan enrollees who tend to be older and have higher incomes and more education than average, making it clear that IPV is an equal-opportunity problem.

Bonomi and Thompson found the effects of physical abuse (slapping, hitting, kicking, or forced sex) to be stronger than those of nonphysical abuse (threats, chronic disparaging remarks, or controlling behavior) alone. But they also found that both physical and nonphysical IPV significantly damage women’s health, and that physical abuse often accompanies nonphysical abuse.

IPV persisted for more than 20 years in 5 percent to 13 percent of the women, with more than one partner perpetrating IPV on 11 percent to 21 percent of them, with these ranges depending on the type of abuse. Prevalence was 15 percent in the last five years, and 8 percent in the last year, for any IPV.

"We are at a point with IPV that seems similar to where we were with cigarette smoking and alcoholism 20 years ago," said Bonomi. "To prevent IPV from starting and continuing, we need interventions that span individual, community, and social levels." She and Thompson suggest that these interventions should include inquiring routinely about IPV and linking those with positive responses to appropriate services.

Rebecca Hughes | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.ghc.org

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht New study from the University of Halle: How climate change alters plant growth
12.01.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

nachricht Disarray in the brain
18.12.2017 | Universität zu Lübeck

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Artificial agent designs quantum experiments

On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.

We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...

Im Focus: Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes

So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too

What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...

Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge

For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.

Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...

Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an holistic view of laser machining

At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.

No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...

Im Focus: Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.

Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

10th International Symposium: “Advanced Battery Power – Kraftwerk Batterie” Münster, 10-11 April 2018

08.01.2018 | Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Meteoritic stardust unlocks timing of supernova dust formation

19.01.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Method uses DNA, nanoparticles and lithography to make optically active structures

19.01.2018 | Materials Sciences

More genes are active in high-performance maize

19.01.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>