Data shows condom use and awareness programs are helping to slow infection rates
A University of Toronto Indo-Canadian study reports a remarkable one-third decline in new HIV infections in the worst hit regions of India, indicating that with condom use and awareness programs, the countrys AIDS epidemic is far from hopeless.
The study, which appears online in the Lancets March 30 issue, tracked HIV prevalence among young women attending pregnancy or antenatal clinics in Indias southern and northern states. Researchers used HIV trends among young women attending antenatal clinics as a proxy to monitor trends in new infections among the general population. Male use of female sex workers is the main reason for the spread, which subsequently puts wives in a vulnerable position. In recent years, the Indian government, the World Bank and other external agencies have aimed intervention and awareness programs at the sex industry and their efforts appear to have contributed to a drastic decline.
Elizabeth Monier-Williams | EurekAlert!
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