Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Doubts raised about illegal drug use surveys

06.03.2006


A scientific study reported in two related articles in the Journal of Drug Issues raises serious doubts about the nation’s illegal drug use surveillance programs. Scientists, policy makers, and the media depend on surveys to identify the extent of drug use nationwide. The study documented how drug use surveys may not accurately reflect changes in drug use, but be more related to how willing a respondent is to disclose the extent and type of drug use.



Researchers at The National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI), Andrew Golub, Hilary Liberty, and Bruce Johnson examined reported use of various drugs by arrestees interviewed at 37 locations across the nation as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program. This program, financed by the Federal government, both asks arrestees to report on their recent drug use and also tests their use with a urine sample. They found that responses often reflect differences in how willing the respondents were to disclose their use. This "willingness-to-disclose" varies depending on the type of drug questioned, location in the country, and population groups.

Arrestees were much more willing to disclose marijuana use than use of other drugs. Nearly all actual marijuana users in one city, as documented by urine testing, self-reported recent use 93% of the time. In another city, disclosure of marijuana use was 68%. Disclosure of cocaine and crack use was significantly lower, ranging from 28% up to 70%, depending on the location. There were also differences in disclosure associated with age, race, ethnicity, gender, and variation depending on the year of the survey.


These findings raise serious questions about the nation’s use of drug survey data. Author Bruce Johnson noted: "Users of such surveys need to continually ask whether reported differences in drug use reflect actual differences in use or differences in willingness-to-disclose use." Based on this study, Golub, Liberty and Johnson conclude that major drug use surveys should be supplemented with drug tests. At least a portion of all survey respondents should be tested in order to estimate respondent’s willingness-to-disclose use and its variation across different drugs and different time periods. At the time of the study, the ADAM program was the only major survey that routinely collected biological data.

Patrice Barron | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.ndri.org

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
11.01.2017 | University of Gothenburg

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>