Less than 1 percent of outpatients who received medication in 2002 were prescribed a medication that violated a prescription drug’s black box warning, according to a study in the February 13 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
"Adverse drug events (ADEs) are believed to be among the leading causes of mortality in the United States, with an estimated 100,000 deaths per year," according to background information in the article. However, there is little U.S. data on the occurrence of potentially dangerous drug-drug, drug-laboratory, and drug-disease interactions in outpatients. Black box warnings are separate, highlighted messages on drug labels that were developed by the Food and Drug Administration to help physicians avoid serious ADEs.
Karen E. Lasser, M.D., M.P.H., of Cambridge Health Alliance and Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Mass., and colleagues, examined data from 51 outpatient practices to see how often physicians prescribed drugs in violation of black box warnings. The researchers analyzed electronic health records of 324,548 outpatients who received at least one prescription between January 1 and December 31, 2002.
Alison Harris | EurekAlert!
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The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
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