Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Children fare better at pediatric trauma centers

10.02.2006


A study from the Medical College of Wisconsin and Children’s Research Institute



A study by researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee and Children’s Research Institute concludes that the risk of death for injured children is significantly lower when care is provided in pediatric trauma centers than in non–pediatric centers. Children’s Research Institute is part of the Children’s Hospital and Health System. The study on "Outcomes and Delivery of Care in Pediatric Injury" is published in the January 2006 Journal of Pediatric Surgery.

"Because of their unique physiology, children have particular needs and present challenges to predominantly adult-oriented trauma care delivery systems. There appears to be substantial room for improvement in current pediatric trauma triage systems, and this study suggests that we can save more children’s lives," according to lead researcher John C. Densmore, M.D., a resident in the department of surgery at the Medical College.


Using the 2000 Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID), an administrative database of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project containing more than 2.5 million inpatient discharge records from 27 states, the researchers analyzed nearly 80,000 pediatric trauma cases. First, they found that nearly 90 percent of injured children were treated at adult hospitals or in children’s units at adult hospitals. They also found that the 10.7 percent who were treated at children’s hospitals had significantly lower mortality rates, lengths of stay and hospital bills.

>>> Mortality rates were lowest (0.9 percent) in children’s hospitals, somewhat worse (1.4 percent) in adult hospitals and highest (2.4 percent) in children’s units within adult hospitals

>>> Lengths of stay greater than the 90th percentile occurred least often at children’s hospitals (8.9 percent), somewhat more often in adult hospitals (9.7 percent) and most often in children’s units (17.2 percent).

>>> Hospital charges above $15,000 were more likely in a children’s unit (32.4 percent) than in an adult hospital (22.2 percent) or children’s hospital (20.2 percent).

In 2002, the most recent year for which data are available, there were 18,953 injury-related deaths among children aged one to 20 years. The study’s data indicate that the majority of the youngest and most severely injured children receive care in hospitals with poorer outcomes.

"The geographic disparity and limited number of pediatric surgeons, specialists, and children’s hospitals have been cited as the reason for problems in current pediatric trauma care. We hope this study helps people understand the need for pediatric-specific trauma care throughout the United States," says Keith T. Oldham, M.D., professor and chief of surgery and co-author of the study.

Other authors include Karen S. Guice, M.D., clinical professor of pediatrics surgery, and by Hyun J. Limb, M.D., assistant professor in the division of biostatistics in the Health Policy Institute, at the Medical College.

Toranj Marphetia | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.mcw.edu

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Multi-year study finds 'hotspots' of ammonia over world's major agricultural areas
17.03.2017 | University of Maryland

nachricht Diabetes Drug May Improve Bone Fat-induced Defects of Fracture Healing
17.03.2017 | Deutsches Institut für Ernährungsforschung Potsdam-Rehbrücke

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A Challenging European Research Project to Develop New Tiny Microscopes

The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.

To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Researchers shoot for success with simulations of laser pulse-material interactions

29.03.2017 | Materials Sciences

Igniting a solar flare in the corona with lower-atmosphere kindling

29.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

As sea level rises, much of Honolulu and Waikiki vulnerable to groundwater inundation

29.03.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>