Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Study of first-time mums provides reassurance for pregnant women with bladder problems

02.02.2006


Women going through their first pregnancy find overactive bladder problems very stressful, but problems reduce considerably three months after childbirth, according to research in the latest BJU International.



Researchers from the University Medical Centre in Utrecht, Netherlands, studied 344 women, asking them to complete questionnaires when they were 12 and 36 weeks’ pregnant and three and 12 months after delivery.

They found that just over 50 per cent of first-time mothers experienced overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms when they were 12 weeks’ pregnant. These included 3.5 per cent who had the added problem of incontinence when they needed to empty their bladder urgently


The number suffering OAB and incontinence at 36 weeks increased to 15 per cent, but fell back to 3.5 per cent at three and 12 months after delivery.

A further eight per cent of new mums still had OAB without incontinence at three and 12 months after delivery.

Women with the added problem of incontinence felt it had an adverse effect on their quality of life both during and after pregnancy, with mobility and embarrassment heading their list of concerns. These issues were still present a year after delivery, but at a much lower level.

“The physical reasons why pregnant women experience overactive bladder symptoms is still not clear” says lead author Dr Henriette Van Brummen.

“It is possibly caused by factors such as pressure from the uterus on the bladder, altered urine production and a change in bladder capacity during pregnancy.

“What is clear, however, is the effect that it can have on some women’s quality of life. It’s an issue that healthcare professionals need to address when they deal with pregnant women and those who have recently delivered, as it can cause real problems and distress, especially when OAB is accompanied by incontinence.”

All the women who took part in the study were first-time mothers who were pregnant with a single child and in good health. Just under two-thirds (65 per cent) had a normal vaginal delivery, 19 per cent needed some assistance and the remainder had elective or emergency Caesareans.

They were recruited from 10 midwifery practices in the Netherlands.

“There are a number of steps that women can take to control or improve an overactive bladder, including pelvic floor exercises to improve their muscle control” adds Dr Van Brummen.

“Further research is needed to examine the effect of bladder training on OAB symptoms during pregnancy and whether combining behavioural and drug treatment after childbirth will result in better outcomes than either therapy alone.”

Annette Whibley | alfa
Further information:
http://www.bjui.org
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

nachricht Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

Im Focus: Molecules change shape when wet

Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water

In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...

Im Focus: Fraunhofer ISE Develops Highly Compact, High Frequency DC/DC Converter for Aviation

The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.

Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

UTSA study describes new minimally invasive device to treat cancer and other illnesses

02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering

Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product

02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

What do Netflix, Google and planetary systems have in common?

02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>