Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Study of first-time mums provides reassurance for pregnant women with bladder problems

02.02.2006


Women going through their first pregnancy find overactive bladder problems very stressful, but problems reduce considerably three months after childbirth, according to research in the latest BJU International.



Researchers from the University Medical Centre in Utrecht, Netherlands, studied 344 women, asking them to complete questionnaires when they were 12 and 36 weeks’ pregnant and three and 12 months after delivery.

They found that just over 50 per cent of first-time mothers experienced overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms when they were 12 weeks’ pregnant. These included 3.5 per cent who had the added problem of incontinence when they needed to empty their bladder urgently


The number suffering OAB and incontinence at 36 weeks increased to 15 per cent, but fell back to 3.5 per cent at three and 12 months after delivery.

A further eight per cent of new mums still had OAB without incontinence at three and 12 months after delivery.

Women with the added problem of incontinence felt it had an adverse effect on their quality of life both during and after pregnancy, with mobility and embarrassment heading their list of concerns. These issues were still present a year after delivery, but at a much lower level.

“The physical reasons why pregnant women experience overactive bladder symptoms is still not clear” says lead author Dr Henriette Van Brummen.

“It is possibly caused by factors such as pressure from the uterus on the bladder, altered urine production and a change in bladder capacity during pregnancy.

“What is clear, however, is the effect that it can have on some women’s quality of life. It’s an issue that healthcare professionals need to address when they deal with pregnant women and those who have recently delivered, as it can cause real problems and distress, especially when OAB is accompanied by incontinence.”

All the women who took part in the study were first-time mothers who were pregnant with a single child and in good health. Just under two-thirds (65 per cent) had a normal vaginal delivery, 19 per cent needed some assistance and the remainder had elective or emergency Caesareans.

They were recruited from 10 midwifery practices in the Netherlands.

“There are a number of steps that women can take to control or improve an overactive bladder, including pelvic floor exercises to improve their muscle control” adds Dr Van Brummen.

“Further research is needed to examine the effect of bladder training on OAB symptoms during pregnancy and whether combining behavioural and drug treatment after childbirth will result in better outcomes than either therapy alone.”

Annette Whibley | alfa
Further information:
http://www.bjui.org
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change
17.11.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

nachricht Win-win strategies for climate and food security
02.10.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Frictional Heat Powers Hydrothermal Activity on Enceladus

Computer simulation shows how the icy moon heats water in a porous rock core

Heat from the friction of rocks caused by tidal forces could be the “engine” for the hydrothermal activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. This presupposes that...

Im Focus: Nanoparticles help with malaria diagnosis – new rapid test in development

The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.

Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Underwater acoustic localization of marine mammals and vehicles

23.11.2017 | Information Technology

Enhancing the quantum sensing capabilities of diamond

23.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Meadows beat out shrubs when it comes to storing carbon

23.11.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>