Yale School of Medicine researchers published a report this month in the Archives of General Psychiatry that highlights the interplay of two brain signaling systems, glutamate and dopamine, in psychosis and cognitive function.
The study helps resolve a long-standing research debate between the "dopamine hypothesis" and the "glutamate hypothesis" or "PCP Model," said John Krystal, M.D., professor, deputy chair for research in the Department of Psychiatry, and lead author of the study. "Both systems appear to be involved," he said.
The first theory suggests that dopamine neurons are hyperactive in persons with schizophrenia and that effects of the dopamine-releasing drug, amphetamine, can mimic aspects of the illness. The second theory maintains that certain schizophrenia-related deficits in the function of glutamate, the dominant stimulatory transmitter, could be reproduced in healthy people by the administration of drugs such as ketamine, which block the NMDA subtype of glutamate receptors.
Jacqueline Weaver | EurekAlert!
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The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
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With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong
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