A study on markers of inflammation in smokers and non-smokers shows that it can take several years after smoking for changes in the blood to return to normal. The researchers, Arvind Bakhru and Thomas Erlinger, gathered data on 15,489 US adults between 1988 and 1994 in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They found that the inflammatory markers, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, albumin, and fibrinogen, took longer to return to normal after smokers quit than did more traditional markers of cardiovascular risk such as total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and systolic blood pressure. However, by five years after quitting the inflammatory response had returned to normal, emphasising that it is well worth smokers quitting.
Citation: Bakhru A, Erlinger TP (2005) Smoking cessation and cardiovascular disease risk factors: Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination survey. PLoS Med 2(6): e160.
New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
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Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
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