Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Facial trauma may cause significant social and behavioral problems

25.05.2005


Patients disfigured in traumatic incidents are much more likely to suffer post traumatic stress disorder, unemployment, marital problems, binge drinking and depression, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.



Although the study included only 20 subjects, the findings are significant and address an issue that has not been widely studied, said the senior author, John Persing, M.D., professor and section chief of plastic surgery in the Department of Surgery. The subjects had lacerations slightly over one inch or larger and/or a fractured facial bone that required surgery.

"Emotionally, these patients are reporting higher levels of depression, anxiety, and discomfort regarding their body image, as well as an overall lower satisfaction with their lives," Persing said. "Socially, they are reporting significantly higher levels of marital conflict. Behaviorally, they are reporting significantly greater problems with alcohol consumption, as well as significantly higher rates of legal problems and deficits in occupational functioning."


He said the data describes a patient population with clear rehabilitation needs. "Such a pattern of clinically relevant findings has not previously been reported in the scientific literature and suggests that there is a significant number of patients who are experiencing social and psychological deficits which are not currently being addressed," Persing said.

He said the rate of participation in the study was 18.5 percent, but that response rates of trauma patients are typically low. Also, about 20 percent more patients said they would participate, but missed numerous appointments before deciding they were not interested in participating. "The increased incidence of drinking, occupational difficulties and relationship problems in the trauma population would correspond with the inability to keep appointments and participate in this study," Persing said.

Persing said he next will look at the psychological impact of body deformities as a result of diseases such as breast cancer and the impact of subsequent reconstruction.

Co-authors include Elie Levine, M.D., Linda Degutis, Thomas Pruzinsky, and Joseph Shin, M.D. The research was supported in part by an Alpha Omega Alpha Student Research Fellowship.

Jacqueline Weaver | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.yale.edu

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

nachricht Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Electron highway inside crystal

Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.

Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth

09.12.2016 | Life Sciences

Scientists produce a new roadmap for guiding development & conservation in the Amazon

09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation

Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution

09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>