New findings from researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center help explain how the 20,000 to 25,000 genes in the human genome can make the hundreds of thousands of different proteins in our bodies.
Genes are segments of DNA that carry instructions for making proteins, which in turn carry out all of lifes functions. Through a natural process called "alternative splicing," information contained in genes is modified so that one gene is capable of making several different proteins.
"Alternative splicing is a key mechanism for achieving a diverse range of proteins, which contributes to the complexity of higher organisms," said Dr. Harold "Skip" Garner, professor of biochemistry and internal medicine at UT Southwestern and senior author of a new study aimed at understanding how and why alternative splicing occurs in humans.
Amanda Siegfried | EurekAlert!
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