"Other studies have indicated a benefit for heart attack patients in beginning treatment with statins relatively early, so today the standard practice is to prescribe them upon discharge," says R. Scott Wright, M.D., the Mayo Clinic cardiologist who was the studys lead investigator in North America. "Our new findings suggest they should be given even earlier, as soon as the patient arrives at the hospital."
The PRINCESS Trial (The PRevention of Ischemic EveNts by Early Treatment of CErivaStatin Study) was designed to test whether very early initiation of statin therapy in hospitalized heart attack patients would prevent deaths and additional heart attacks and reduce the need for bypass surgery or angioplasty.
Within 48 hours of hospitalization, 3,605 patients at 260 medical centers in Europe, Israel, Canada and the United States were randomly assigned to receive either cerivastatin, a potent statin agent, or a placebo. Neither patients nor their physicians knew whether they were receiving the statin or the sugar pill initially, but all of the patients were switched to the statin after three months. Because statins had been proven beneficial as a later-term treatment, withholding the cholesterol-lowering medication for a prolonged period would have been unethical. In the midst of the study, however, cerivastatins manufacturer withdrew it from the market due to safety concerns, so the researchers were only able to follow the participants for 4.5 months.
Lee Aase | EurekAlert!
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31.05.2017 | University of Washington
New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)
Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.
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Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.
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Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.
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Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...
Germany counts high-precision manufacturing processes among its advantages as a location. It’s not just the aerospace and automotive industries that require almost waste-free, high-precision manufacturing to provide an efficient way of testing the shape and orientation tolerances of products. Since current inline measurement technology not yet provides the required accuracy, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is collaborating with four renowned industry partners in the INSPIRE project to develop inline sensors with a new accuracy class. Funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the project is scheduled to run until the end of 2019.
New Manufacturing Technologies for New Products
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