Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Spanish Researchers Establish Link Between Rapid Heartbeat Observed After Drinking Alcohol And The Addictive Personality

25.06.2004


Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I in Castellón, Spain, and McGill University in Montreal have found a relationship between the increased heartbeat some people experience after drinking a certain amount of alcohol and the risk of developing a personality that is sensitive to rewards and, hence, to addictions.
The study, which was published in the March edition of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, concludes that people who experience an increase in their heart rate after drinking alcohol are almost twice as likely to develop a personality that is sensitive to rewards, which is in turn linked to a higher predisposition to any type of addiction, claims César Ávila, one of the authors of the study, from the Department of Basic Psychology at the Universitat Jaume I.

“Other analyses have found the relationship runs in the opposite direction. For each point sensitivity to reward rises, there is a 21.2% increase in the likelihood of suffering rapid heartbeat after drinking alcohol,” explains Caroline Brunelle from the Department of Psychology at McGill University in Montreal.


The longitudinal study was conducted on a sample of 66 individuals with no previous experience with alcohol who were administered a small amount of ethanol while they were aged between 16 and 18 in order to determine what effect it had on their heart. When they reached the age of 21 they were given a questionnaire drawn up by researchers from the Department of Psychology at the Universitat Jaume I to measure their degree of sensitivity to rewards and to punishment.

“The idea is that when the first experience with a reinforcing stimulus, such as alcohol, occurs the organism reacts in different ways in different people and those that have a stronger predisposition to addictions are the ones whose organism reacts in a more vigorous way by increasing the rate at which their heart beats,” explains Ávila.

The findings of these studies have led the authors to believe that the change in heart rate could act as a tool that could be used to screen people with a risk of developing some type of addiction in the future.

Hugo Cerdà | alfa
Further information:
http://www.uji.es

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
11.01.2017 | University of Gothenburg

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

New Study Will Help Find the Best Locations for Thermal Power Stations in Iceland

19.01.2017 | Earth Sciences

Not of Divided Mind

19.01.2017 | Life Sciences

Molecule flash mob

19.01.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>