Sales of Biofuels exceeded $ 12 billion in 2003 worldwide. High growth in 2004. The greening Automotive Industry in China.
In some countries the costs for biofuel are today lower than traditional oil and that’s only the beginning of a new development for many countries to be oil-free in the next 30 years. Nanobiotechnology will improve the biomass production by shaping molecules to design “energyplants” and optimize the biotechnology process. Nanotechnology and converging biotechnology increase the energy potential in the plants used for biofuel with more than 60 percent.
The worldmarket for biofuel exceeded $ 12 billion in 2003 and is expected to grow to $ 34 billion in 2015. Brasil is worldwide market leader representing 45 percent, the USA accounting for 20 percent, soon China will be number 3 with the aim to be number 2 in several years with the help of Brasil and wants to be oil-free by 2030 according to a new study of hkc22.com. The chinese government program includes a $ 200 million r&d budget, low interest loans, and different subsidies. All car companies in China follow the trends and present cars using biofuel, electricity or hybrid technologies . Europe is following and passed the start-up stage. The transition takes a long time but the time has come for the technologies and the market too. Increasing oilprices will speed up the developments.
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02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
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18.11.2016 | University of Vermont
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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