According to a new report, Asian/Pacific Islanders living in the United States earn more science or engineering (S&E) bachelors degrees than whites earn, relative to their college-age (20-24 year old) peers. Meanwhile, data on blacks, Hispanics, and American Indian/Alaska Natives show steady, although small, increases in the number of S&E bachelors degrees earned during the same period.
The new, online report, Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering 2004, will allow users to more easily search for data and presentation viewgraphs by education level, employment, and population group. In addition, data for different sections of the web-based report will be updated as new data become available.
Like its predecessors, the 2004 report continues to show differences in the participation of men, women, racial/ethnic groups, and persons with disabilities in both education and employment in scientific and engineering (S&E) fields.
Since 1997, for example, the number of associate and bachelors degrees in computer sciences has risen steeply. However, the number of bachelors degrees in computer sciences awarded to women dropped from 37 percent in 1985 to 28 percent in 2001.
Women now constitute 41 percent of all S&E graduate students, ranging from a high of 74 percent in psychology to a low of 20 percent in engineering. Almost 70 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander S&E graduate students selected engineering, computer sciences, and biological sciences. In contrast, about one-third of blacks, Hispanics, and American Indian/Alaska Natives and 42 percent of white S&E graduate students selected those fields. Similar percentages of graduate students with and without disabilities enrolled in the broad fields of engineering/computer sciences/mathematics and life/physical sciences, while a higher percentage of students with disabilities than without enrolled in social and behavioral sciences.
In employment, the report shows that wives with S&E doctorates are more likely than counterpart husbands to face the challenges of a dual-career household. More wives with doctorates have a spouse employed full time, and more males than females have a spouse not employed. These findings correspond with those in the recent NSF report, "Gender Differences in the Careers of Academic Scientists and Engineers," which can be found at http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf04323/start.htm.
The report draws from NSF and other data sources, and provides links to the sources for all data and for further information about specific topics. The website for the report is http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/wmpd/start.htm.
This biennial report from the National Science Foundation (NSF) is mandated by the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (Public Law 96-516).
Amputees can learn to control a robotic arm with their minds
28.11.2017 | University of Chicago Medical Center
The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change
17.11.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that opens the door for engineers to create molecular machines with new and complex behaviors.
Researchers have created chemical amplifiers and a chemical oscillator using a systematic method that has the potential to embed sophisticated circuit...
MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.
Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...
Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...
Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.
To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...
The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...
11.12.2017 | Event News
08.12.2017 | Event News
07.12.2017 | Event News
15.12.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering
15.12.2017 | Materials Sciences
15.12.2017 | Life Sciences