Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Two million neonatal deaths take place in two developing regions of the world

28.10.2003


The developing areas of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa account for more than two million neonatal deaths annually, according to research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Worldwide, there are an estimated five million deaths, with 98 percent of these deaths taking place in developing countries. South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa represent 40 percent of all neonatal deaths, which are infants who die in their first 28 days of life. The study, "The burden of disease from neonatal mortality: a review of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa" is published in the October 2003 issue of BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.



Lead author of the study, Adnan A. Hyder, MD, MPH, PhD, assistant professor and the Leon Robertson Faculty Development Chair in the School’s Department of International Health, said, "Not only did our study demonstrate the impact of neonatal mortality in two of the poorest regions of the world, but it also reveals the poor state of data in these regions and the great need for strategic research on this issue. It also highlights a critical problem which is currently not receiving the attention of policy makers."

Research data for the study was gathered from peer-reviewed literature, reports of Demographic and Health Surveys and websites of country-based organizations. The burden of neonatal deaths was calculated using summary measures of health or health gap measures that estimate the loss of health life from premature mortality. The healthy life year (HeaLY) methodology was also developed 1997 by Dr. Hyder and Richard Morrow, MD, MPH, FACP, a professor in the School’s Department of International Health.


Neonatal mortality ranged from 41 to 56 per 1,000 live births in South Asia. A significant lack of data from Sub-Saharan Africa resulted in a highly variable rate ranging from 13 per 1,000 live births in Kenya to 108 per 1,000 live births in Senegal. The mean regional rate in Sub-Saharan Africa was 38 per 1,000 live births.

The researchers also found that community- and hospital-based studies were severely lacking in Sub-Saharan Africa. Twenty-five papers were included in the study to evaluate South Asia and 35 for Sub-Saharan Africa. The researchers explain in their article that the lack of data was a major limitation.

"This study is just one step in raising the profile of neonatal issues and the need for investments in this arena of public health. The lack of valid data on neonatal mortality potentially could allow countries to undercount the impact of this public health problem. The next step for these areas is greater investments in neonatal research and health programs," said Dr. Hyder.


The study was funded by Saving Newborn Lives - Save the Children, USA.

Salman A. Wali and Jeffery McGuckin co-authored the article.

Kenna L. Brigham | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.jhsph.edu

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Amputees can learn to control a robotic arm with their minds
28.11.2017 | University of Chicago Medical Center

nachricht The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change
17.11.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Long-lived storage of a photonic qubit for worldwide teleportation

MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.

Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...

Im Focus: Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

Detailed calculations show water cloaks are feasible with today's technology

Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...

Im Focus: Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.

To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...

Im Focus: Towards data storage at the single molecule level

The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...

Im Focus: Successful Mechanical Testing of Nanowires

With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong

Light-weight and simultaneously strong – porous metallic nanomaterials promise interesting applications as, for instance, for future aeroplanes with enhanced...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

AKL’18: The opportunities and challenges of digitalization in the laser industry

07.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Multi-year submarine-canyon study challenges textbook theories about turbidity currents

12.12.2017 | Earth Sciences

Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

12.12.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Liver Cancer: Lipid Synthesis Promotes Tumor Formation

12.12.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>