Nearly four decades of research conclude that power toothbrushes with rotation oscillation action, such as the Oral-B 3D Excel, are demonstrably more effective in removing plaque and reducing gingivitis than other types of power toothbrushes -- including those featuring "sonic" technology -- according to an international study announced today at the Forsyth Institute conference on evidence-based dentistry.
Half of adults age 18 or older have some evidence of gingivitis, the earliest form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good at-home oral care, but if left untreated, can lead to periodontal disease and possible tooth and bone loss.
The comprehensive study, conducted by the Cochrane Collaboration, a British-based non-profit health research group, reviewed data from all available published studies conducted between 1964 and 2001, involving more than 2,500 participants. The study independently concluded that toothbrushes that rotate and oscillate, a technology pioneered by Oral-B in 1991, are more effective than any other type of toothbrush -- manual or "sonic" -- in reducing plaque and gingivitis.
Anne Carlantone | EurekAlert!
Amputees can learn to control a robotic arm with their minds
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MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.
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Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.
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The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...
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