Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Livestock And Oil Palm Integration In Sarawak

06.06.2008
Sarawak, which is free from the incidence of foot and mouth diseases, is embarking in livestock-oil palm integration as a strategy to increase local livestock production, and as a holistic approach to maximise land use and increase farm income. A research in UNIMAS was conducted to look at the potential.

Sarawak, which is free from the incidence of foot and mouth diseases, is embarking in livestock-oil palm integration as a strategy to increase local livestock production. The abundance of undergrowth in oil palm plantation offers a free source of forage for livestock integration. It has been reported that the nutritive value of these forages is comparable to some improved pasture grasses.

However, the compositions of the undergrowth in oil palm plantation is dependant on various interacting environmental factors, especially the limits on light penetrating the ground as oil palm matures due to the canopy closure. There is little information on the quantity of vegetations and composition of undergrowth species in Sarawak oil palm plantation. Hence, a study was conducted by researchers from the Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, University Malaysia Sarawak at a mature oil palm plantation (13 years old oil palm trees) in Sarawak to identify the major undergrowth species and determined the quantity of vegetations at different intervals after the grazing activities.

Random sampling was conducted in selected blocks and the selection of blocks was based on post-grazing intervals (current, 1 month, 3 month and 5 month post-grazing interval). Six botanical groups were found in the oil palm plantation, namely grasses, broadleaved plants, legumes, sedges, ferns and palms. Grasses had the largest population in the oil palm plantation ecosystem. The observation of undergrowth in oil palm plantation indicates that most of the species are suitable for livestock production though selective weeding may be necessary for non-edible ones.

The finding of the study showed that shade tolerant plant species tend to dominate the ecosystem in mature oil palm plantation as the canopy close. The emergence of these shade tolerant species in mature oil palm plantation is important as they ensure continuous supply of forages for livestock production.

The Sarawak oil palm industry will continue to expand and livestock-oil palm integration system is emphasised in the 3rd National Agriculture Policy (NAP3, 1998-2010) as a holistic approach to maximise land use and increase farm income. But there are concerns regarding to the effects of soil compaction due to animal trampling and of increase complexity in management practices. The problem here is that there is not much research conducted in Sarawak to demonstrate the benefits of livestock integration on the soil, crop and livestock productivity. Thus, there are urgent needs to continue to explore the potential of this system in the areas where livestock integration has started.

ABOUT UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SARAWAK (UNIMAS)

UNIMAS was established in 1992. The University's mission is to generate, disseminate and apply knowledge strategically and innovatively to enhance the quality of the nation’s culture and prosperity of its people. The knowledge creation initiatives at UNIMAS are premised partly upon the wealth of natural resources and diverse socio-cultural make up of the State of Sarawak. UNIMAS commitment to research has already been recognized by the stakeholders and partners in industry through provision of endowments for the establishment of eight research chairs; these include the Tun Zaidi Chair for Medicinal Chemistry, the Tun Openg Chair for Sago Technology, the Shell Chair for Environmental Studies, and the Sapura Chair for ICT.

Resni Mona | ResearchSEA
Further information:
http://www.unimas.my
http://www.researchsea.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Rutgers-led innovation could spur faster, cheaper, nano-based manufacturing
14.02.2018 | Rutgers University

nachricht New study from the University of Halle: How climate change alters plant growth
12.01.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

'Lipid asymmetry' plays key role in activating immune cells

20.02.2018 | Life Sciences

MRI technique differentiates benign breast lesions from malignancies

20.02.2018 | Medical Engineering

Major discovery in controlling quantum states of single atoms

20.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>