Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New research findings enable more reliable prognoses for breast cancer

15.05.2008
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have shown that the length of telomeres in blood cells in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients is tied to survival rates. The study, published in the journal Cancer Research, was carried out by a research team headed by Professor Göran Roos at the Department of Medical Bioscience, Pathology.

The study shows that the telomere length in blood cells is associated with prognosis for breast cancer. The blood cells of the cancer patients in the study had somewhat longer telomeres than those of controls. It is interesting to note that within the tumor group patients with longer telomeres (= longer than the mean length of telomeres) had a significantly poorer prognosis than did patients with shorter telomeres. This difference in survival was above all seen in patients with more advanced disease, that is, with larger tumors and metastases in local lymph glands.

It is particularly important that the telomere length in these blood cells proved to be a prognostic marker that is independent of other well-known prognostic markers (tumor size, tumor metastasis). In other words, this new biological marker appears to be able to tell us more about the future prospects of cancer patients than previously known markers can.

The tips of chromosomes, telomeres, are important for the genetic stability of our cells. In normal cells, telomeres are shortened each time cells divide, whereas cancer cells usually have stable telomere length. This stability helps provide cancer cells with eternal life. The length of a cell's telomeres is determined by the balance of positive and negative factors, many of which are unknown.

Just why breast cancer patients with longer telomeres in normal blood cells have poorer prognoses than other patients is unclear at present. A number of explanations are under discussion. One probable hypothesis is that patients' telomere lengths are a reflection of presently unknown functions of the immune defense system. Preliminary unpublished data from the research team show that this biological marker can provide prognostic information for other tumor diseases as well. This makes it even more important to understand the mechanisms behind the observed differences in telomere length.

The study was performed in collaboration with colleagues at the oncology and medical clinics at Norrland University Hospital and Malmö Academic Hospital. The study comprises 265 patients who gave blood samples directly after they were diagnoses with breast cancer and 446 controls.

For more information, please contact Professor Göran Roos, Department of Medical Bioscience, Pathology, phone: +46 (0)90-785 18 01; cell phone: +46 (0)70-630 86 92; or e-mail goran.roos@medbio.umu.se.

Pressofficer Bertil Born; +46-090 786 60 58;bertil.born@adm.umu.se;

Reference:
Svenson U, Nordfjäll K, Stegmayr B, Manjer J, Nilsson P, Tavelin B, Henriksson R, Lenner P, Roos G. Breast cancer survival is associated with telomere length in peripheral blood cells. Cancer Research 2008, published May 15.

Bertil Born | idw
Further information:
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/future/68.10.shtml
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)

nachricht Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics in Freiburg on April 3-5, 2017

03.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Bare bones: Making bones transparent

27.04.2017 | Life Sciences

Study offers new theoretical approach to describing non-equilibrium phase transitions

27.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

From volcano's slope, NASA instrument looks sky high and to the future

27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>