Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Most Spanish hospital websites are not accessible

09.05.2008
According to international standards, only a third of Spanish hospital websites can be considered accessible. This is one of the conclusions reached in the first study to compare Spanish hospital websites with those of other countries, a study conducted by researchers at the Miguel Hernández University (UMH) in Elche, Alicante.

A comparative study recently analyzed websites for hospitals located in Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and found that most do not meet the requirements of the “Web Accessibility Test” (TAW), an online tool that reports on the accessibility of a website and determines, for instance, if the web design is suitable for persons with a disability.

“Webmasters should take appropriate measures to solve this problem,” according to José Joaquín Mira Solves, work coordinator and professor of the Department of Health Psychology at the UMH. The psychologist explained that the TAW test is based on the criteria recommended by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an international organization that monitors the standardization and functioning of the Web.

Mr Mira Solves also stressed the need to create communication channels to enhance user interaction with the hospital, as none of the Spanish hospital websites analysed included a user form for requesting information by Internet or e-mail.

Another recommendation was to provide some indication of when the pages were created and “something as simple,” according to the researcher, as putting the date when the information is updated. The website should also indicate hospital quality data, e.g., ISO or EFQM (European Foundation for Quality Management) standards, satisfaction survey results, or patient quality commitments.

Suggesting potential areas for improvement was one of the objectives of the study, which looked at the portals of 32 hospitals: 10 in Great Britain, 10 in the U.S. and 12 in Spain. The hospitals are specifically named in the publication to protect their identity, according to Mr. Mira Solves, who explained that “the purpose of this work was not to rank hospitals.”

Thirty-two hospitals were randomly selected from among those with the highest scores in the classification systems of each country. In the U.S., the “Top American Hospitals” was used, whereas in Spain the study used the “Hospitales Top 20” of 2004, an initiative involving voluntary participation by 155 Spanish National Health System centres and private hospitals.

Websites that do not report on job vacancies

The study also found that only 8% of Spanish hospital websites report on job vacancies, whereas 100% of hospital centres in the U.S. and Great Britain do provide such information. The lack of information on job opportunities on Spanish websites may be related to their communication policies, which are “less likely to focus on social marketing and, therefore, have a distinct concept of how to use the communication channels,” stated Mira Solves.

The researchers measured the quality and user orientation of the information provided on the websites by using the “Hospital Centre E-information Quality Scale”, which assesses the presence or absence of 66 elements and their percentage of compliance. According to this scale, Spanish hospital websites obtained an average score of 47 points, compared with 50 for the American hospitals and 54 for the British. The percentage of quality criteria with no score was 6% for Spain, 11% for the United Kingdom, and 12% for the U.S.

In addition, the study found that Spanish hospital websites report in 83% of scientific journal publications for their professionals, whereas only 20% of the U.S. hospitals do so. In terms of readability, measured using several indexes (Flesch and Fernández Huerta), the texts included in the Spanish hospital pages presented a “standard average” ease of reading, a score not attained by any of the U.S. hospitals and only three of the British sites. None of the Spanish websites visited scored low in comprehension, whereas 10% of British sites and 50% of U.S. sites would be hard to read.

SINC Team | alfa
Further information:
http://www.plataformasinc.es

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

nachricht Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

Im Focus: Molecules change shape when wet

Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water

In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

IHP presents the fastest silicon-based transistor in the world

05.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

InLight study: insights into chemical processes using light

05.12.2016 | Materials Sciences

High-precision magnetic field sensing

05.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>