Published last year, Mediaciones y Traslaciones (Mediations and Movement) is the first scientific-educational study providing a critical survey of how the genders are represented in universities in terms of knowledge-generation, relationships and communications.
The term ‘sexual violence’, one way of describing violence carried out by people known or unknown to its victims, both in public and private places, has been substituted by ‘gender violence’ or ‘domestic violence’ since the mid-1990s.
This led the report’s two authors, Cristina Vega and Amparo Navarro, to suggest that this choice of use of some terms over others was itself worthy of consideration, for which reason they carried out an “open and necessarily partial” study with the help of professors, students and associations.
“In this report we want to call into question the dominance of violence in the production of knowledge, and in the generation of public cultural imagery and information,” Vega explained to SINC.
The study, based on interviews and accompanied by a guide, comprises ten audiovisual sections looking at universities as spaces of knowledge production, describing the different ways in which violence is viewed from the standpoint of specific disciplines, and considers symbolic violence within educational relationships. Of particular interest is the final section, ‘Science, bodies and objects’, in which the authors focus on how women have been displaced as holders of scientific wisdom since the development of the medico-ideological theories of Aristotle and Galen (see video).
The reference guide, which includes practical exercises and extremely interesting bibliographic resources, is based on the work of researchers of the calibre of Donna Haraway, Sadie Plant, Saskia Sassen, Thomas Laquer, Rene Clair and Richard Levontin.
This original work, aimed at teaching staff, students and persons who wish to open up the debate about these issues, is part of The University in the Face of the Symbolisation of Violence research project, being carried out at the Feminist Research Institute at Madrid’s Universidad Complutense university.
Equipo de SINC | alfa
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Europe’s Demographic Future. Where the Regions Are Heading after a Decade of Crises
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Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
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Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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