“Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has become a viable alternative treatment to open surgery for many patients. Endoleak development represents a complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and is characterized by blood flow outside the stent-graft lumen but within the aneurysm sac,” said Rolf Wyttenbach, MD, lead author of the study.
“Patients after EVAR need livelong imaging surveillance to detect endoleaks. CT is most commonly used for imaging follow-up of these patients. , A few prior studies suggested that MRI may be superior to CT for the detection of endoleaks. However, these studies mostly used single or 4-row MDCT and standard gadolinium contrast media for MR imaging,” he said.
The study consisted of 43 patients who had undergone EVAR. Each of the patients had both MDCT and MRI within one week of the procedure. According to the study, MRI was performed using a high relaxivity contrast medium and for MDCT, an iodine containing agent was used. Upon the completion of the study, two observers evaluated MRI and MDCT separately.
The study showed that 21 endoleaks were detected in 18 patients. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for endoleak detection were 100%, 96% and 98% for reader 1 and 90%, 81% and 85% for reader 2 on MRI and 48%, 96% and 74% for both readers on MDCT.
“The results indicate that MR is a good choice for diagnosing endoleaks. In addition, MRI does not expose the patients to radiation and the MR contrast agent is less nephrotoxic in the clinically used dose compared to iodinated contrast agents used for CT. For this reason MRI may become a preferred imaging modality to follow-up patients after endovascular aneurysm repair,” said Dr. Wyttenbach.
Necoya Tyson | EurekAlert!
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
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Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
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