“Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has become a viable alternative treatment to open surgery for many patients. Endoleak development represents a complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and is characterized by blood flow outside the stent-graft lumen but within the aneurysm sac,” said Rolf Wyttenbach, MD, lead author of the study.
“Patients after EVAR need livelong imaging surveillance to detect endoleaks. CT is most commonly used for imaging follow-up of these patients. , A few prior studies suggested that MRI may be superior to CT for the detection of endoleaks. However, these studies mostly used single or 4-row MDCT and standard gadolinium contrast media for MR imaging,” he said.
The study consisted of 43 patients who had undergone EVAR. Each of the patients had both MDCT and MRI within one week of the procedure. According to the study, MRI was performed using a high relaxivity contrast medium and for MDCT, an iodine containing agent was used. Upon the completion of the study, two observers evaluated MRI and MDCT separately.
The study showed that 21 endoleaks were detected in 18 patients. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for endoleak detection were 100%, 96% and 98% for reader 1 and 90%, 81% and 85% for reader 2 on MRI and 48%, 96% and 74% for both readers on MDCT.
“The results indicate that MR is a good choice for diagnosing endoleaks. In addition, MRI does not expose the patients to radiation and the MR contrast agent is less nephrotoxic in the clinically used dose compared to iodinated contrast agents used for CT. For this reason MRI may become a preferred imaging modality to follow-up patients after endovascular aneurysm repair,” said Dr. Wyttenbach.
Necoya Tyson | EurekAlert!
The personality factor: How to foster the sharing of research data
06.09.2017 | ZBW – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
Europe’s Demographic Future. Where the Regions Are Heading after a Decade of Crises
10.08.2017 | Berlin-Institut für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung
At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.
Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
19.09.2017 | Event News
12.09.2017 | Event News
06.09.2017 | Event News
25.09.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering
25.09.2017 | Health and Medicine
25.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy