“We were interested in finding out just how effective mammography and sonography were, when used together, in excluding breast cancer in women with palpable findings,” said Erica Tyler, MD, lead author of the study. “Our study differs from others because after enrollment, we followed patients for at least 3 years to see if any of the palpable lumps later were diagnosed as malignant,” she said.
The study evaluated 414 palpable breast lesions using both mammography and sonography. Imaging of 167 lesions was negative, with normal appearing breast tissue in the area of clinical concern and no mammographic or sonographic findings to explain the palpable finding. Among the 167 women with negative mammography and sonography, 120 reached a diagnostic endpoint with 28 patients undergoing a biopsy that showed no malignancy and 92 patients showing no malignancy after follow-up of at least 36 months. There were 118 true-negative and two false-negative cases said Dr. Tyler. The NPV when using mammography and sonography together was 98%, she said.
The study showed that both false-negative lesions “became increasingly suspicious on clinical exam and later became apparent by imaging,” said Dr. Tyler. One false-negative lesion occurred in a patient with heterogeneously dense tissue and was diagnosed 74 months after initial clinical discovery. The second false-negative lesion occurred in extremely dense tissue and was diagnosed 81 months after initial discovery.
“Our findings support those reported in other studies. Uncommonly, palpable malignancies may not be detectable on both mammography and sonography, and this combination of imaging doesn’t rule out malignancy,” said Dr. Tyler. “Also, based on our findings, long term clinical and imaging follow-up of over five years may be needed to diagnose all palpable cancers, when the initial mammogram and sonogram are unrevealing,” she said.
Necoya Tyson | EurekAlert!
The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
11.01.2017 | University of Gothenburg
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences