Led by Reid G. Fontaine, now an assistant professor of psychology at the UA and a director of the program in criminal law and policy in the James E. Rogers College of Law, the researchers followed more than 500 teenage boys and girls over several years.
The study, just published in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development, looked at how these young people’s decision-making processes intertwined with their behavior.
"It’s been demonstrated in numerous studies that antisocial behavior is particularly stable during the developmental period of adolescence," Fontaine said.
"Thinking about development and brain maturation and cognition in adolescents has been a hot topic in policy and law in recent years. This study shows how adolescents’ evaluative behavior and decision making may play a role in their behavior. This is the kind of approach that folks who are studying issues of social-cognitive development in adolescence probably want to pay attention to," he said.
Study subjects were shown a battery of videos showing people confronted by what might or might not be a provocation. In each, the young people were asked to imagine themselves as the characters in the videos and asked how they might respond.
The teens and their parents also answered questionnaires about aggressive and delinquent behaviors, such as fighting, lying, bullying and stealing. Fontaine said the answers they provided ranged considerably.
"They were correlated with other factors that go to issues of social cognitive development and judgements about aggression and antisocial behavior. Many adolescents endorsed these responses of aggressive retaliation at some level," Fontaine said.
The study offers a new piece to a complicated puzzle of adolescent behavior. Fontaine said it suggests that from early to late adolescence that how young people evaluate aggressive behaviors plays a role in how they behave, and that understanding the relationship between aggression and decision-making has implications for intervention programs.
The study was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Other researchers come from Duke University, Indiana University and Auburn University.
Contact: Reid G. Fontaine, 520-621-7441, firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
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An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
Researchers from the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, the Italian Space Agency (ASI), and the Instituto Geofisico--Escuela Politecnica Nacional (IGEPN) of Ecuador, showed an increasing volcanic danger on Cotopaxi in Ecuador using a powerful technique known as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR).
The Andes region in which Cotopaxi volcano is located is known to contain some of the world's most serious volcanic hazard. A mid- to large-size eruption has...
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