The study also notes that China will still not be able to top the league and remain second behind the USA, and goes on to speculate that Japan and South Korea will win considerably fewer medals in 2008, compared to their 2004 yield.
Lead author of the study “Men, Money, and Medals: An Econometric Analysis of the Olympic Games”, Associate Professor Lui Hon-Kwong – from the Department of Marketing & International Business at Lingnan University in Hong Kong – said, “This study goes beyond casual observations that large and wealthy countries will perform well in international sporting events, and attempts to ascertain the effects of population size and income per capita on the number of medals won.”
The results of the study show that population and income do indeed have a substantial effect on the number of Olympic medals won. And despite controlling these two major determinants, strong country-specific effects in Olympic medal results still remain – supporting the belief that a country or individual’s performance in sport is, to a certain extent, dependent on the amount of resources available – hence the trend of large and wealthy countries performing better in international sporting events.
Professor Lui added, “Contrary to the popular perception that Asians are not very good at sport, the results of this study show that Asian countries do display sports prowess.”
However, the study notes that while the USA and China tend to outperform other countries relative to their size and income, other countries like the ‘Three Asian Dragons’ – Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan – still under-perform despite their strong economic performances.
Alina Boey | alfa
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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