The original proposition of this dissertation was: information-processing grows in quantity and variety as the complexity and uncertainty of business increases during internationalization. This dissertation examines the dynamic internationalization process. The proposition assumes that the ways and means of accessing information is dependent upon the process of internationalization. Because internationalization is dynamic, turbulent and incremental, increased information-processing may be required.
This dissertation examines the need for and impact of increased information-processing capacity as the firm internationalizes. How decision-makers use information is, therefore, not the focus of this research. Thus, organizations are viewed as systems that need to balance their capacity to process information with the requirements originating from the internationalization strategy and the international business environment. Variations in organizational forms may also result from growing information-processing requirements faced during internationalization.
In this dissertation internationalization is operationalized by examining the different stages in that process. Information-processing capacity is investigated by observing the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs). The ICTs observed were; email, internet, intranet, extranet, EDI and enterprise resource planning systems. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in the empirical stage. A large scale regression analysis was made of ICT use and very early stages of internationalization (imports & exports). Furthermore, interviews were made with more than 70 Finnish companies to understand how ICT usage grows during more advanced stages of internationalization.
The results of this research confirmed a strong relationship between incremental internationalization and growing ICT usage. However, business function (marketing, finance etc.) variations were observed. The size of the firm was not found to account for growing ICT usage.
A significant challenge to mainstream internationalization theory was uncovered during this research. ICTs were found to speed up the process of internationalization. Furthermore, it is clear that managers should consider the need for more information-processing capacity as the firm internationalizes. Firms also need to account for functional variations in information-processing. Moreover, the organization of information-intensive processes needs to be reconsidered, prior to and during internationalization.
Terhi Ollikainen | alfa
The personality factor: How to foster the sharing of research data
06.09.2017 | ZBW – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
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10.08.2017 | Berlin-Institut für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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