The original proposition of this dissertation was: information-processing grows in quantity and variety as the complexity and uncertainty of business increases during internationalization. This dissertation examines the dynamic internationalization process. The proposition assumes that the ways and means of accessing information is dependent upon the process of internationalization. Because internationalization is dynamic, turbulent and incremental, increased information-processing may be required.
This dissertation examines the need for and impact of increased information-processing capacity as the firm internationalizes. How decision-makers use information is, therefore, not the focus of this research. Thus, organizations are viewed as systems that need to balance their capacity to process information with the requirements originating from the internationalization strategy and the international business environment. Variations in organizational forms may also result from growing information-processing requirements faced during internationalization.
In this dissertation internationalization is operationalized by examining the different stages in that process. Information-processing capacity is investigated by observing the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs). The ICTs observed were; email, internet, intranet, extranet, EDI and enterprise resource planning systems. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in the empirical stage. A large scale regression analysis was made of ICT use and very early stages of internationalization (imports & exports). Furthermore, interviews were made with more than 70 Finnish companies to understand how ICT usage grows during more advanced stages of internationalization.
The results of this research confirmed a strong relationship between incremental internationalization and growing ICT usage. However, business function (marketing, finance etc.) variations were observed. The size of the firm was not found to account for growing ICT usage.
A significant challenge to mainstream internationalization theory was uncovered during this research. ICTs were found to speed up the process of internationalization. Furthermore, it is clear that managers should consider the need for more information-processing capacity as the firm internationalizes. Firms also need to account for functional variations in information-processing. Moreover, the organization of information-intensive processes needs to be reconsidered, prior to and during internationalization.
Terhi Ollikainen | alfa
The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change
17.11.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
02.10.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
22.11.2017 | Business and Finance
22.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
22.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy