Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study found that there is no link between localized prostate cancer's clinical stage and a patient's risk of cancer recurrence after having his prostate removed.
One of the primary purposes of staging prostate cancers is to help physicians determine a patient's prognosis. For example, a more advanced clinical stage should indicate a higher risk of cancer recurrence after treatment. Surprisingly, however, researchers have found that clinical stage is of questionable utility for predicting disease recurrence after surgical removal of the prostate (radical prostatectomy) in patients with localized prostate cancer.
Adam Reese, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and his colleagues questioned whether staging errors are responsible for this discrepancy. In other words, do physicians often inaccurately stage prostate cancer cases, and if so, does this account for the inconsistent reliability of clinical staging for predicting prostate cancer outcomes?
The investigators found that clinical stage was assigned incorrectly in 35.4 percent of 3,875 men in a multi-institutional national disease registry. The majority of these staging errors occurred because physicians frequently disregarded the results of transrectal ultrasound tests and incorrectly incorporated biopsy results when assigning stage.
Even after correcting these staging errors, however, there was no association between clinical stage and prostate cancer recurrence after radical prostatectomy. "Our findings question the utility of our current staging system for localized prostate cancer," said Dr. Reese.
Jennifer Beal | EurekAlert!
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At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).
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Many pathogens use certain sugar compounds from their host to help conceal themselves against the immune system. Scientists at the University of Bonn have now, in cooperation with researchers at the University of York in the United Kingdom, analyzed the dynamics of a bacterial molecule that is involved in this process. They demonstrate that the protein grabs onto the sugar molecule with a Pac Man-like chewing motion and holds it until it can be used. Their results could help design therapeutics that could make the protein poorer at grabbing and holding and hence compromise the pathogen in the host. The study has now been published in “Biophysical Journal”.
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UMD, NOAA collaboration demonstrates suitability of in-orbit datasets for weather satellite calibration
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Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) are frequently used in the aeronautic and automobile industry. However, the repair of workpieces made of these composite materials is often less profitable than exchanging the part. In order to increase the lifetime of FRP parts and to make them more eco-efficient, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) and the Apodius GmbH want to combine a new measuring device for fiber layer orientation with an innovative laser-based repair process.
Defects in FRP pieces may be production or operation-related. Whether or not repair is cost-effective depends on the geometry of the defective area, the tools...
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