This project focuses on recent policies developed in response to the spread of avian influenza. In response to widespread avian influenza H5N1 outbreaks in poultry flocks in recent years, most governments in Southeast Asia have issued policies that encourage small poultry farmers to concentrate their production activities in specific zones or clusters.
This is expected to reduce influenza risks due to improved biosecurity and to yield economic benefits through economies of scale. However, the concentration of large flocks of poultry in these clusters may in fact increase the risk of infection and spread of diseases, including to humans.
This project sets out to examine the experiences to date with such policies in China, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. The first phase of the research will investigate the impacts of the creation of poultry production zones on farmers' livelihoods, the environment and on disease risks. Based on the results of this investigation, improvements in organisation and management of such zones will be piloted and assessed in order to provide concrete inputs to on-going policy discussions.
This project (total 1.3 million CAD) was selected through the Ecohealth Emerging Infectious Diseases in Southeast Asia (EcoEID) Research Competition, jointly launched by IDRC's Ecosystems and Human Health Program and the Global Health Research Initiative, with funding from IDRC, CIDA and AusAID. The aim of EcoEID is to build capacity for ecohealth research on emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and generate knowledge to enhance the prevention, preparedness and response to such diseases.
For information on this project or avian influenza in general:
Hein Mallee is a social scientist with a Ph.D. from the Leiden University, the Netherlands. He has been with Canada's International Development Research Centre since 2004, working on rural development, poverty, and community-based natural resources management. He is now a Senior Program Specialist on IDRC's Ecosystems and Human Health Program. Prior to joining IDRC, he worked with the Netherlands government and the Ford Foundation on poverty alleviation in China. He has published about migration and rural development, migration policy, and natural resources management.
Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy