How do English Language lecturers feel about their chosen profession? Are they generally satisfied with their job or are they silently suffering from job stress and burnout?
These are questions of considerable interest to us, especially, during times when universities are aspiring for world class ranking status. Of late there has been an influx of local and international students and the English as a Second Language (ESL) Faculty carries the burden of preparing students of lower proficiency in English to communicate effectively in English. ESL class size, workload and faculty expectations have also increased in the past decade.
Burnout is a state of physical, emotional and mental exhaustion caused by long time involvement in situations that are emotionally demanding. Many studies have been conducted on employee burnout with varying and at times inconsistent results. However, there is scarce information in Malaysia on burnout especially among university faculty members. The purpose of this study is twofold; first, to investigate the burnout level of ESL lecturers in UiTM, and second, to determine the association between the level of burnout and general health and well-being of the academic staff.
In this study, the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) measuring the degree of physical and psychological fatigue experienced in three sub-dimensions of burnout: personal, work-related, and client (student)-related burnout was used. The CBI was also complemented with the World Health Organisation (WHO) well-being index and additional survey items developed by the researchers. They were used on 102 Academy of Language Studies lecturers.
To determine the validity of the instrument, factor analysis was used. The Keiser-Meier-Olkin (KMO) values were more than the usual acceptable level of 0.7, the average variance extracted (AVE) values were more than 50% and the Critical Ratio (CR) values were more than 0.7. All of these values indicate that the items in each construct were reliable measures of the concepts. Hence, the CBI and the general health and well-being measure were found to be a reliable and valid measure to evaluate burnout among ESL lecturers.
The summary statistics indicated the mean scores for Personal, Work-related and Student-related burnout were 2.8±0.7, 2.7±0.8 and 2.5±0.6, respectively. Since all the mean values were below the average of three, it indicated that, overall, there was no major burnout among the ESL lecturers.
The mean scores for Well-Being was 4.1±0.8, which was more than the midpoint response of 3.5, indicating good well-being. Similarly, for General Health the mean score was 3.6±0.7, which shows that overall the ESL lecturers enjoyed good health. However, this study found that though there was some level of burnout among the ESL lecturers in UiTM, overall no major burnout was evident among these lecturers. This study corroborates the findings in other studies on burnout involving language practitioners. For example, the study conducted using the CBI found no major burnout among teachers in New Zealand.
Contact Information:Krishnakumari Karuthan
New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)
Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
27.04.2017 | Life Sciences
27.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences