Information Processing Strategies and Styles in Instructional Design: a Grounded Theory Approach
Sohaimi Zakaria of UiTM studied the understanding of information processing and learning preferences among postgraduate students. He studied the students’ preference for reading academic materials, managing lectures, and taking down notes as part of their activities in learning and studying.
Seventy-two postgraduate students were interviewed at the University of Sheffield by semi-structured interviews. The results of the interview were analyzed using the Grounded Theory.
The grounded theory coding paradigm model guided data analysis into the following divisions: conditions, phenomena or strategies, actions or interactions, intervening conditions and consequences. Conditions refer to tasks that are attributed to information processing and learning: reading academic materials, managing lectures and note-taking; phenomena or strategies refer to the ways in which they perform their academic tasks.
Postgraduate students applied the following strategies in processing information and learning, which could be grouped together to show their learning approaches and style: Relating, Grasping, Elaborating, Reproducing, Isolated targeting, Passive behaviour, Collaborating, Overviewing, Sequentialising, Localising and Amalgamating. In the final stage of data analysis, Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivational factors became the central categories, which subsumed all of the other categories. The intervening conditions to their learning were their Styles and Language factors.
The strategies, however, were not common to all participants, but we broadly categorized them into different groups. The participants who adopted the Relating, Grasping and Elaborating strategies were engaged in meaningful learning endeavours, while those who adopted the Reproducing, Isolated targeting and Passive behaviour strategies were inclined to using their memory without giving proper attention to achieving the desired level of understanding. On the other hand, participants who adopted the Collaborating and Overviewing strategies tended to process information and learn in a holistic way, whereas those who adopted the Sequentialising and Localising tended to be analytical. Finally, the participants who adopted the Amalgamating strategy tended to process information and learn by combining holistic and analytic strategies in their search for understanding.
The findings have implications for the design of computer-aided learning systems and for further research in the area of computer-mediated instruction.
Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
09.12.2016 | Life Sciences
09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine