A study suggests that a new treatment called repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may lessen the non-pain symptoms of fibromyalgia, such as emotional and social disorders, and improve quality of life. The research is published in the March 26, 2014, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Fibromyalgia is a disease known for the main symptom of pain, however, it may also cause tiredness, interrupted sleep, depression, dizziness, digestive problems, headache, tingling, numbness and frequent urination.
“About five million Americans experience fibromyalgia, which affects women more often than men,” said study author Eric Guedj, MD, PhD, with Aix-Marseille University and National Center for Scientific Research in Marseille, France. “rTMS is a way to alter the excitability of the brain targeted by the device. A treatment such as this may provide a safe and noninvasive complement to pain pills in some people.”
For the study, 38 people who had persistent fibromyalgia pain for more than six months were randomly assigned to receive either rTMS or sham stimulation for 14 sessions over 10 weeks. For the sham stimulation, the electromagnetic coil looked and sounded like the actual treatment, but no stimulation was given. The researchers then assessed the changes in quality of life at the eleventh week, measured by a questionnaire, as well as brain metabolic changes using PET neuroimaging.
The study found that at week 11, people who received the rTMS therapy had greater improvement in quality of life and in mental components of the questionnaire than those in the sham stimulation group.
The improvement in quality of life involved mainly affective (mood or feelings), emotional (joy, sadness, anger, anxiety), and social areas (work performance, participation in social activities, contact with friends and engaging in hobbies and interests), and was correlated with brain PET metabolic changes.
At the beginning of the study, those receiving the treatment had an average score of 60 on the quality of life questionnaire, where scores range from zero to 100 and lower scores indicate better quality of life. Those receiving the sham treatment had an average score of 64.
After 11 weeks, the average score of those receiving the treatment had dropped by about 10 points, while the average score had increased by two points for those receiving the sham treatment.
The study was supported by Marseille Public Hospitals (APHM) and the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM).
To learn more about fibromyalgia, please visit www.aan.com/patients.
The American Academy of Neurology, an association of more than 27,000 neurologists and neuroscience professionals, is dedicated to promoting the highest quality patient-centered neurologic care. A neurologist is a doctor with specialized training in diagnosing, treating and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system such as Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, migraine, multiple sclerosis, brain injury, Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy.
Rachel L. Seroka | American Academy of Neurology
Study suggests new way of preventing diabetes-associated blindness
26.05.2015 | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Memories Influence Choice of Food
22.05.2015 | Universität Basel
Using ultrashort laser pulses, scientists in Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have demonstrated the emission of extreme ultraviolet radiation from thin dielectric films and have investigated the underlying mechanisms.
In 1961, only shortly after the invention of the first laser, scientists exposed silicon dioxide crystals (also known as quartz) to an intense ruby laser to...
The only professorship in Germany to date, one master's programme, one laboratory with worldwide unique equipment and the corresponding research results: The University of Würzburg is leading in the field of biofabrication.
Paul Dalton is presently the only professor of biofabrication in Germany. About a year ago, the Australian researcher relocated to the Würzburg department for...
Physicists have developed an innovative method that could enable the efficient use of nanocomponents in electronic circuits. To achieve this, they have developed a layout in which a nanocomponent is connected to two electrical conductors, which uncouple the electrical signal in a highly efficient manner. The scientists at the Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel have published their results in the scientific journal “Nature Communications” together with their colleagues from ETH Zurich.
Electronic components are becoming smaller and smaller. Components measuring just a few nanometers – the size of around ten atoms – are already being produced...
Development and implementation of an advanced automobile parking navigation platform for parking services
To fulfill the requirements of the industry, PolyU researchers developed the Advanced Automobile Parking Navigation Platform, which includes smart devices,...
The world's first electrical car and passenger ferry powered by batteries has entered service in Norway. The ferry only uses 150 kWh per route, which...
20.05.2015 | Event News
18.05.2015 | Event News
12.05.2015 | Event News
28.05.2015 | Press release
28.05.2015 | Physics and Astronomy
28.05.2015 | Information Technology