A study suggests that a new treatment called repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may lessen the non-pain symptoms of fibromyalgia, such as emotional and social disorders, and improve quality of life. The research is published in the March 26, 2014, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Fibromyalgia is a disease known for the main symptom of pain, however, it may also cause tiredness, interrupted sleep, depression, dizziness, digestive problems, headache, tingling, numbness and frequent urination.
“About five million Americans experience fibromyalgia, which affects women more often than men,” said study author Eric Guedj, MD, PhD, with Aix-Marseille University and National Center for Scientific Research in Marseille, France. “rTMS is a way to alter the excitability of the brain targeted by the device. A treatment such as this may provide a safe and noninvasive complement to pain pills in some people.”
For the study, 38 people who had persistent fibromyalgia pain for more than six months were randomly assigned to receive either rTMS or sham stimulation for 14 sessions over 10 weeks. For the sham stimulation, the electromagnetic coil looked and sounded like the actual treatment, but no stimulation was given. The researchers then assessed the changes in quality of life at the eleventh week, measured by a questionnaire, as well as brain metabolic changes using PET neuroimaging.
The study found that at week 11, people who received the rTMS therapy had greater improvement in quality of life and in mental components of the questionnaire than those in the sham stimulation group.
The improvement in quality of life involved mainly affective (mood or feelings), emotional (joy, sadness, anger, anxiety), and social areas (work performance, participation in social activities, contact with friends and engaging in hobbies and interests), and was correlated with brain PET metabolic changes.
At the beginning of the study, those receiving the treatment had an average score of 60 on the quality of life questionnaire, where scores range from zero to 100 and lower scores indicate better quality of life. Those receiving the sham treatment had an average score of 64.
After 11 weeks, the average score of those receiving the treatment had dropped by about 10 points, while the average score had increased by two points for those receiving the sham treatment.
The study was supported by Marseille Public Hospitals (APHM) and the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM).
To learn more about fibromyalgia, please visit www.aan.com/patients.
The American Academy of Neurology, an association of more than 27,000 neurologists and neuroscience professionals, is dedicated to promoting the highest quality patient-centered neurologic care. A neurologist is a doctor with specialized training in diagnosing, treating and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system such as Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, migraine, multiple sclerosis, brain injury, Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy.
Rachel L. Seroka | American Academy of Neurology
High in calories and low in nutrients when adolescents share pictures of food online
07.04.2016 | University of Gothenburg
Brain connectivity reveals hidden motives
04.03.2016 | Universität Zürich
A biological and energy-efficient process, developed and patented by the University of Innsbruck, converts nitrogen compounds in wastewater treatment facilities into harmless atmospheric nitrogen gas. This innovative technology is now being refined and marketed jointly with the United States’ DC Water and Sewer Authority (DC Water). The largest DEMON®-system in a wastewater treatment plant is currently being built in Washington, DC.
The DEMON®-system was developed and patented by the University of Innsbruck 11 years ago. Today this successful technology has been implemented in about 70...
Permanent magnets are very important for technologies of the future like electromobility and renewable energy, and rare earth elements (REE) are necessary for their manufacture. The Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM in Freiburg, Germany, has now succeeded in identifying promising approaches and materials for new permanent magnets through use of an in-house simulation process based on high-throughput screening (HTS). The team was able to improve magnetic properties this way and at the same time replaced REE with elements that are less expensive and readily available. The results were published in the online technical journal “Scientific Reports”.
The starting point for IWM researchers Wolfgang Körner, Georg Krugel, and Christian Elsässer was a neodymium-iron-nitrogen compound based on a type of...
In the Beyond EUV project, the Fraunhofer Institutes for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen and for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF in Jena are developing key technologies for the manufacture of a new generation of microchips using EUV radiation at a wavelength of 6.7 nm. The resulting structures are barely thicker than single atoms, and they make it possible to produce extremely integrated circuits for such items as wearables or mind-controlled prosthetic limbs.
In 1965 Gordon Moore formulated the law that came to be named after him, which states that the complexity of integrated circuits doubles every one to two...
Characterization of high-quality material reveals important details relevant to next generation nanoelectronic devices
Quantum mechanics is the field of physics governing the behavior of things on atomic scales, where things work very differently from our everyday world.
When current comes in discrete packages: Viennese scientists unravel the quantum properties of the carbon material graphene
In 2010 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded for the discovery of the exceptional material graphene, which consists of a single layer of carbon atoms...
24.05.2016 | Event News
20.05.2016 | Event News
19.05.2016 | Event News
27.05.2016 | Awards Funding
27.05.2016 | Life Sciences
27.05.2016 | Life Sciences