Prof. Verstraete will explain how his team have developed a new anaerobic digestion reactor which can generate as much electricity as 25 wind turbines. These reactors use a consortium of methanogenic (methane-producing) bacteria to degrade waste and energy crops to produce biogas (a mixture of methane and carbon) which is then converted to electricity using a turbine.
We were reminded of the threat of pandemic infectious disease with the swine flu (Influenza A H1N1) pandemic of last year. Prof. Verstraete and his team have produced nanosilver particles from silver ions using the 'good bacteria' Lactobacillus. These particles can kill the highly infectious norovirus and could potentially be used as therapy against other viruses such as influenza.
Microbes have long been used for decontamination and bioremediation. Prof. Verstraete and his team, through funding by the EU's "LIFE" project, have isolated Desulphitobacterium dichloroeleminans – a bacterium which can be injected into ground water sites to decontaminate them from chlorinated waste such as chlorinated alkanes - the most frequently encountered contaminants in soil and groundwater.
These are just a few of the ways in which microbes can help.
"To fully understand how microbes play a part in solving our environmental problems, we must better explore our microbial resources as they currently exist - in culture collections or at 'evolved' environmental sites. We need to develop key strategies to deal with microbial communities, instead of thinking of them in terms of haphazard assemblages of bacterial species. By 'upgrading' the services of microbial communities through implementing Microbial Resource Management (MRM) and combining these communities with new technology, these environmental challenges can be addressed." said Professor Verstraete.
A pragmatic approach to solving environmental problems will be proposed at this lecture, making use of current developments in molecular methods and potential biotech solutions which are appropriate to the current market economy.
On 11 October 2010, Professor Willy Verstraete will present the third Environmental Microbiology Lecture: "Microbial Resource Management (MRM): the way forward for environmental biotechnology"
Physics of bubbles could explain language patterns
25.07.2017 | University of Portsmouth
Obstructing the ‘inner eye’
07.07.2017 | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
Spectrally narrow x-ray pulses may be “sharpened” by purely mechanical means. This sounds surprisingly, but a team of theoretical and experimental physicists developed and realized such a method. It is based on fast motions, precisely synchronized with the pulses, of a target interacting with the x-ray light. Thereby, photons are redistributed within the x-ray pulse to the desired spectral region.
A team of theoretical physicists from the MPI for Nuclear Physics (MPIK) in Heidelberg has developed a novel method to intensify the spectrally broad x-ray...
Physicists working with researcher Oriol Romero-Isart devised a new simple scheme to theoretically generate arbitrarily short and focused electromagnetic fields. This new tool could be used for precise sensing and in microscopy.
Microwaves, heat radiation, light and X-radiation are examples for electromagnetic waves. Many applications require to focus the electromagnetic fields to...
Strong light-matter coupling in these semiconducting tubes may hold the key to electrically pumped lasers
Light-matter quasi-particles can be generated electrically in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Material scientists and physicists from Heidelberg University...
Fraunhofer IPA has developed a proximity sensor made from silicone and carbon nanotubes (CNT) which detects objects and determines their position. The materials and printing process used mean that the sensor is extremely flexible, economical and can be used for large surfaces. Industry and research partners can use and further develop this innovation straight away.
At first glance, the proximity sensor appears to be nothing special: a thin, elastic layer of silicone onto which black square surfaces are printed, but these...
3-D shape acquisition using water displacement as the shape sensor for the reconstruction of complex objects
A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3D objects. An ancient...
26.07.2017 | Event News
21.07.2017 | Event News
19.07.2017 | Event News
28.07.2017 | Health and Medicine
28.07.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering
28.07.2017 | Life Sciences