Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Italian and Tunisian researchers relate olive oil quality with fruit ripening

16.12.2008
The study tested the ideal ripening stage to extract an olive oil with proper chemical profiles and the best oxidation levels.

The chemical composition and quality of virgin olive oil may be influenced by genotype and different agronomic and technological factors.

Extra virgin olive oil is considered to be the best olive oil for its organoleptic characteristics (its capacity to preserved its original properties, such as smell, taste, colour and texture), for its oxidative stability and its chemical composition. It is practically the only vegetable oil that can be consumed directly in its raw state and contains important nutritional elements (vitamins, antioxidants, etc.).

The results from the italotunisian study reveal that the chemical composition and quality of virgin olive oil may be influenced by genotype and different agronomic and technological factors. The study was carried out by members of the Laboratoire Caractérisation et Qualité de l’Huile d’Olive, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Ce´dria, Tunisia, and the Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Università di Bologna, Italy; the paper was published in 2008 in the journal Food Chemistry.

A matter of genes... and maturity

The oxidative stability, sensory quality and health properties of virgin olive oil stem from a prominent and well-balanced chemical composition. In fact, the high content of oleic acid in olive oil serves to slow down penetration of fatty acids into arterial walls.

The chemical composition of virgin olive oil may be influenced by genotype and different agronomic (i.e. fruit ripeness degree, water supply) and technological factors. This research reports the evaluation of the influence of the olive ripening stage on the quality indices, the major and the minor components and the oxidative stability of the two main monovarietal Tunisian cultivars (cvv. Chétoui and Chemlali) virgin olive oils. The oils sampled at five different ripeness stages were submitted to different analysis.

Moreover, the triacylglycerol and fatty acid compositions, and minor components, pigments and their relation with the oil oxidative stability were evaluated. The tested oils showed very good correlation between the oxidative stability and their composition.

The chemical data discussed in this work can be considered useful in providing information about the presence in the oil of major and minor compounds depending on olive ripening. The analytical parameters studied remained widely within estimated limits of the regulation throughout the maturity process. Nevertheless, this research evidenced that the oleic/linoleic acid ratio shows a decreasing trend as the olives ripened.

With regard to phenolic compounds, Chétoui had the highest stability value. Finally, the present work shows in Chétoui, the anticipate harvest-date, gave the best results in terms of all the parameters considered. Instead, for the cv. All that data could be used to define the ideal ripening degree to confer a good balance between chemical profiles.

Antonio Marín Ruiz | alfa
Further information:
http://www.oleociencia.es
http://www.oleociencia.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)

nachricht Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can the immune system be boosted against Staphylococcus aureus by delivery of messenger RNA?

Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

How herpesviruses win the footrace against the immune system

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

Water forms 'spine of hydration' around DNA, group finds

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

First Juno science results supported by University of Leicester's Jupiter 'forecast'

26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>