In contrast to other parts of the world, however, most MENA developing countries will able to get off lightly if the crisis does not last for too long. In Turkey and Israel, the region's more industrialized countries, different initial conditions apply and the situation is not comparable to the Arab MENA countries.
The GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies is proud to present its first international edition of the successful GIGA Focus series. Issue 1/2009 of the International Edition has now been published and is available free of charge at http://www.giga-hamburg.de/giga-focus/internationalGetting Off Lightly? The Impact of the International Financial Crisis on the Middle East and North Africa
(Juliane Brach and Markus Loewe)
- As is the case for other world regions, the crisis is impacting the MENA region mainly through two indirect effects: (i) a decline in the export of goods and services and (ii) a reduction in remittances sent back home by migrant workers abroad. The more direct effects on the region's financial markets matter to a much lesser extent., However, the Gulf countries in particular are also suffering from the wealth effect: substantial losses of capital invested abroad.
- The non-oil-exporting countries of the region are not very vulnerable to the effects of the financial crisis, partly because they are only weakly integrated into international trade and capital markets.
- The energy exporters are being hit harder, especially because the oil price has fallen steeply. However, as long as the price does not continue to fall, most energy exporters will be able to survive the crisis for some time because they have been able to accumulate considerable financial reserves during the boom years.
- Dubai, Iraq, Iran and Yemen are the countries within the MENA region that have been most affected by the financial crisis. They do not have sufficient financial reserves to finance the gap between public spending and income from the sales of oil and gas.
- Most countries in the region will probably be able to weather the financial crisis relatively well because of their comparatively limited openness towards global markets.
- Nevertheless, the governments should use the financial crisis as an opportunity to implement market-oriented reforms and to find solutions to their structural problems. These countries urgently need to improve their productivity and competitiveness in order to reduce their dependency on a limited number of export products and to create employment for a rapidly growing labor force.
This GIGA Focus was previously published in German as "Nur ein blaues Auge? Auswirkungen der internationalen Finanzkrise auf Nahost und Nordafrika," GIGA Focus Nahost, No. 4/2009, http://www.giga-hamburg.de/giga-focus/nahost
The GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien in Hamburg publishes monthly German-language Focus series on Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and global issues.Weitere Informationen:
Peter Peetz | idw
New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)
Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
27.04.2017 | Life Sciences
27.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences